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P. O. Box 944202
Sacramento, CA 94244-2020

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TTY: (916) 654-2054

Lanterman Developmental Disabilities Services Act

California Welfare and Institutions Code
Division 4.5. Services for the Developmentally Disabled
Chapter 6. Developmental and Support of Community Facilities and Programs
Article 4. Services and Supports for Persons Living in the Community

Sections 4685-4689.8: Article 4. Services and Supports for Persons Living in the Community


4685.  (a) Consistent with state and federal law, the Legislature
finds and declares that children with developmental disabilities most
often have greater opportunities for educational and social growth
when they live with their families. The Legislature further finds and
declares that the cost of providing necessary services and supports
which enable a child with developmental disabilities to live at home
is typically equal to or lower than the cost of providing out-of-home
placement. The Legislature places a high priority on providing
opportunities for children with developmental disabilities to live
with their families, when living at home is the preferred objective
in the child's individual program plan.
   (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that regional centers
provide or secure family support services that do all of the
following:
   (1) Respect and support the decisionmaking authority of the
family.
   (2) Be flexible and creative in meeting the unique and individual
needs of families as they evolve over time.
   (3) Recognize and build on family strengths, natural supports, and
existing community resources.
   (4) Be designed to meet the cultural preferences, values, and
lifestyles of families.
   (5) Focus on the entire family and promote the inclusion of
children with disabilities in all aspects of school and community.
   (c) In order to provide opportunities for children to live with
their families, the following procedures shall be adopted:
   (1) The department and regional centers shall give a very high
priority to the development and expansion of services and supports
designed to assist families that are caring for their children at
home, when that is the preferred objective in the individual program
plan. This assistance may include, but is not limited to specialized
medical and dental care, special training for parents, infant
stimulation programs, respite for parents, homemaker services,
camping, day care, short-term out-of-home care, child care,
counseling, mental health services, behavior modification programs,
special adaptive equipment such as wheelchairs, hospital beds,
communication devices, and other necessary appliances and supplies,
and advocacy to assist persons in securing income maintenance,
educational services, and other benefits to which they are entitled.
   (2) When children with developmental disabilities live with their
families, the individual program plan shall include a family plan
component which describes those services and supports necessary to
successfully maintain the child at home. Regional centers shall
consider every possible way to assist families in maintaining their
children at home, when living at home will be in the best interest of
the child, before considering out-of-home placement alternatives.
When the regional center first becomes aware that a family may
consider an out-of-home placement, or is in need of additional
specialized services to assist in caring for the child in the home,
the regional center shall meet with the family to discuss the
situation and the family's current needs, solicit from the family
what supports would be necessary to maintain the child in the home,
and utilize creative and innovative ways of meeting the family's
needs and providing adequate supports to keep the family together, if
possible.
   (3) (A) To ensure that these services and supports are provided in
the most cost-effective and beneficial manner, regional centers may
utilize innovative service-delivery mechanisms, including, but not
limited to, vouchers; alternative respite options such as foster
families, vacant community facility beds, crisis child care
facilities; group training for parents on behavioral intervention
techniques in lieu of some or all of the in-home parent training
component of the behavioral intervention services; purchase of
neighborhood preschool services and needed qualified personnel in
lieu of infant development programs; and alternative child care
options such as supplemental support to generic child care facilities
and parent child care cooperatives.
   (B) Effective July 1, 2009, at the time of development, review, or
modification of a child's individualized family service plan or
individual program plan, the regional center shall consider both of
the following:
   (i) The use of group training for parents on behavioral
intervention techniques in lieu of some or all of the in-home parent
training component of the behavioral intervention services.
   (ii) The purchase of neighborhood preschool services and needed
qualified personnel in lieu of infant development programs.
   (4) If the parent of any child receiving services and supports
from a regional center believes that the regional center is not
offering adequate assistance to enable the family to keep the child
at home, the parent may initiate a request for fair hearing as
established in this division. A family shall not be required to start
a placement process or to commit to placing a child in order to
receive requested services.
   (5) Nothing in this section shall be construed to encourage the
continued residency of adult children in the home of their parents
when that residency is not in the best interests of the person.
   (6) When purchasing or providing a voucher for day care services
for parents who are caring for children at home, the regional center
may pay only the cost of the day care service that exceeds the cost
of providing day care services to a child without disabilities. The
regional center may pay in excess of this amount when a family can
demonstrate a financial need and when doing so will enable the child
to remain in the family home.
   (7) A regional center may purchase or provide a voucher for
diapers for children three years of age or older. A regional center
may purchase or provide vouchers for diapers under three years of age
when a family can demonstrate a financial need and when doing so
will enable the child to remain in the family home.


4685.1.  (a) When a minor child requires a living arrangement
outside of the family home, as determined in the individual program
plan developed pursuant to Section 4646 and Section 4648, the
regional center shall make every effort to secure a living
arrangement, consistent with the individual program plan, in
reasonably close proximity to the family home.
   (b) When the parents or guardian of a minor child requests that an
out-of-home living arrangement for a minor child be in close
proximity to the family home, and when such a living arrangement
cannot be secured by the regional center, the regional center shall
include with the individual program plan a written statement of its
efforts to locate, develop, or adapt appropriate services and
supports in a living arrangement within close proximity to the family
home and what steps will be taken by the regional center to develop
the services and supports necessary to return the child to the family
home or within close proximity of the family home. This statement
shall be updated every six months, or as agreed to by the parents or
guardians, and a copy shall be forwarded to the parents or guardians
of the minor and to the director of the department.
   (c) This section shall not be construed to impede the movement of
consumers to other geographic areas or the preference of the parent
or guardian for the placement of their minor child.

4685.7.  (a) Contingent upon approval of a federal waiver, the
Self-Directed Services Program (SDS Program) is hereby established
and shall be available in every regional center catchment area to
provide participants, within an individual budget, greater control
over needed services and supports. The Self-Directed Services Program
shall be consistent with the requirements set forth in this section.
In order to provide opportunities to participate in the program, the
department shall adopt regulations, consistent with federal law, to
implement the procedures set forth in this section.
   (b) For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall
apply:
   (1) "Financial management services" means a service or function
that assists the participant to manage and direct the distribution of
funds contained in the individual budget. This may include, but is
not limited to, bill paying services and activities that facilitate
the employment of service workers by the participant, including, but
not limited to, federal, state, and local tax withholding payments,
unemployment compensation fees, setting of wages and benefits, wage
settlements, fiscal accounting, and expenditure reports. The
department shall establish specific qualifications which shall be
required of a financial management services provider.
   (2) "Supports brokerage" means a service or function that assists
participants in making informed decisions about the individual
budget, and assists in locating, accessing and coordinating services
consistent with and reflecting a participant's needs and preferences.
The service is available to assist in identifying immediate and
long-term needs, developing options to meet those needs,
participating in the person-centered planning process and development
of the individual program plan, and obtaining identified supports
and services.
   (3) "Supports broker" means a person, selected and directed by the
participant, who fulfills the supports brokerage service or function
and assists the participant in the SDS Program. Specific
qualifications shall be established by the department and required of
a supports broker provider.
   (4) "Waiver" means a waiver of federal law pursuant to Section
1396n of Title 42 of the United States Code.
   (5) "Independence Plus Self-Directed (IPSD) Waiver Program" or
"Self-Directed Waiver Program" means a federal waiver to the state's
Medicaid plan to allow a person with developmental disabilities who
needs or requires long-term supports and services, and when
appropriate, the person's family, greater opportunity to control his
or her own health and well-being by utilization of self-directed
services.
   (6) "Self-directed services" or "SDS" means a voluntary delivery
system consisting of a defined and comprehensive mix of services and
supports, selected and directed by a participant, in order to meet
all or some of the objectives in his or her individual program plan.
Self-directed services are designed to assist the participant to
achieve personally defined outcomes in inclusive community settings.
   Self-directed services shall include, but are not limited to, all
of the following:
   (A) Home health aide services.
   (B) Supported employment and prevocational services.
   (C) Respite services.
   (D) Supports broker functions and services.
   (E) Financial management services and functions.
   (F) Environmental accessibility adaptations.
   (G) Skilled nursing.
   (H) Transportation.
   (I) Specialized medical equipment and supplies.
   (J) Personal emergency response system.
   (K) Integrative therapies.
   (L) Vehicle adaptations.
   (M) Communication support.
   (N) Crises intervention.
   (O) Nutritional consultation.
   (P) Behavior intervention services.
   (Q) Specialized therapeutic services.
   (R) Family assistance and support.
   (S) Housing access supports.
   (T) Community living supports, including, but not limited to,
socialization, personal skill development, community participation,
recreation, leisure, home and personal care.
   (U) Advocacy services.
   (V) Individual training and education.
   (W) Participant-designated goods and services.
   (X) Training and education transition services.
   The department shall include all of the services and supports
listed in this paragraph in the IPSD Waiver Program application.
Notwithstanding this paragraph, only services and supports included
in an approved IPSD Waiver shall be funded through the SDS Program.
   (7) "Advocacy services" means services and supports that
facilitate the participant in exercising his or her legal, civil and
service rights to gain access to generic services and benefits that
the participant is entitled to receive. Advocacy services shall only
be provided when other sources of similar assistance are not
available to the participant, and when advocacy is directed towards
obtaining generic services.
   (8) "Individual budget" means the amount of funding available to
the participant for the purchase of services and supports necessary
to implement an individual program plan. The individual budget shall
be constructed using a fair, equitable, and transparent methodology.
   (9) "Risk pool" means an account that is available for use in
addressing the unanticipated needs of participants in the SDS
Program.
   (10) "Participant" means an individual, and when appropriate, his
or her parents, legal guardian or conservator, or authorized
representative, who have been deemed eligible for, and have
voluntarily agreed to participate in, the SDS Program.
   (c) Participation in the SDS Program is fully voluntary. A
participant may choose to participate in, and may choose to leave,
the SDS Program at any time. A regional center may not require
participation in the SDS Program as a condition of eligibility for,
or the delivery of, services and supports otherwise available under
this Division.
   (d) The department shall develop informational materials about the
SDS Program. The department shall ensure that regional centers are
trained in the principles of SDS, the mechanics of the SDS Program
and the rights of consumers and families as candidates for, and
participants, in the SDS Program. Regional centers shall conduct
local meetings or forums to provide regional center consumers and
families with information about the SDS Program. All consumers and
families who express an interest in participating in the SDS program
shall receive an in-depth orientation, conducted by the regional
center, prior to enrollment in the program.
   (e) Prior to enrollment in the SDS Program, and based on the
methodologies described below, an individual, and when appropriate,
his or her parents, legal guardian or conservator, or authorized
representative, shall be provided in writing two individual budget
amounts. If the individual, and when appropriate his parents, legal
guardian or conservator, or authorized representative, elects to
become a participant in the SDS Program, he or she shall choose which
of the two budget amounts provided will be used to implement their
individual program plan.
   (1) The methodologies and formulae for determining the two
individual budget amounts shall be detailed in departmental
regulations, as follows:
   (A) One individual budget amount shall equal 90 percent of the
annual purchase of services costs for the individual. The annual
costs shall reflect the average annual costs for the previous two
fiscal years for the individual.
   (B) One individual budget amount shall equal 90 percent of the
annual per capita purchase of service costs for the previous two
fiscal years for consumers with similar characteristics, who do not
receive services through the SDS Program, based on factors including,
but not limited to, age, type of residence, type of disability and
ability, functional skills, and whether the individual is in
transition. This budget methodology shall be constructed using data
available on the State Department of Developmental Services
information system.
   (2) Once a participant has selected an individual budget amount,
that individual budget amount shall be available to the participant
each year for the purchase of self-directed services until a new
individual budget amount has been determined. An individual budget
amount shall be calculated no more than once in a 12-month period.
   (3) As determined by the participant, the individual budget shall
be distributed among the following budget categories in order to
implement the IPP:
   (A) Community Living.
   (B) Health and Clinical Services.
   (C) Employment.
   (D) Training and Education.
   (E) Environment and Medical Supports.
   (F) Transportation.
   (4) Annually, participants may transfer up to 10 percent of the
funds originally distributed to any budget category set forth in
paragraph (3), to another budget category or categories. Transfers in
excess of 10 percent of the original amount allocated to any budget
category may be made upon the approval of the regional center.
Regional centers may only deny a transfer if necessary to protect the
health and safety of the participant.
   (5) The regional center shall annually ascertain from the
participant whether there are any circumstances that require a change
to the annual individual budget amount. The department shall detail
in regulations the process by which this annual review shall be
achieved.
   (6) A regional center's calculation of an individual budget amount
may be appealed to the executive director of the regional center, or
his or her designee, within 30 days after receipt of the budget
amount. The executive director shall issue a written decision within
10 working days. The decision of the executive director may be
appealed to the Director of Developmental Services, or his or her
designee, within 15 days of receipt of the written decision. The
decision of the department is final.
   (f) The department shall establish a risk pool fund to meet the
unanticipated needs of participants in the SDS Program. The fund
shall be administered by the department. Notwithstanding Section
13340 of the Government Code, all moneys in the fund shall be
continuously appropriated to the department, without regard to fiscal
years, for the purpose of funding services and supports pursuant to
this subdivision.
   (1) The risk pool shall be funded at the equivalent of 5 percent
of the historic annual purchase of service costs for consumers
participating in the SDS Program.
   (2) The risk pool shall be allocated by the department to regional
centers through a process specified by the department.
   (3) The risk pool may be used only in the event of substantial
change in a participant's service and support needs that were not
known at the time the individual budget was set, including an urgent
need to relocate a residence, and catastrophic injury or illness.
   (4) The risk pool may be accessed by a participant more than once
in a lifetime.
   (g) In the first year of the SDS Program, the department shall
provide for establishment of savings to the General Fund equivalent
to 5 percent of the historic annual purchase of service costs for SDS
program participants. In subsequent fiscal years, the department
shall annually provide for establishment of savings to the General
Fund equivalent to 5 percent of the annual purchase of services costs
for SDS Program participants, averaged over the prior two fiscal
years.
   (h) A regional center may advance funds to a financial management
services entity pursuant to SDS Program regulations to facilitate
development of a participant's individual budget and transition into
the SDS Program.
   (i) Participation in the SDS Program shall be available to any
regional center consumer who meets the following eligibility
requirements.
   (1) The participant is three years of age or older.
   (2) The participant has a developmental disability, as defined in
Section 4512.
   (3) The participant does not live in a licensed long-term health
care facility, as defined in paragraph (44) of subdivision (a) of
Section 54302 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations, or a
residential facility, as defined in paragraph (55) of subdivision
(a) of Section 54302 of Title 17 of the California Code of
Regulations, or receive day program or habilitation services, as
defined in paragraph (16) or (34) of subdivision (a) of Section 54302
of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations, respectively. An
individual, and when appropriate, his or her parent, legal guardian
or conservator, or authorized representative, who is not eligible to
participate in the SDS Program pursuant to this paragraph, may
request that the regional center provide person-centered planning
services in order to make arrangements for transition to the SDS
Program. In that case, the regional center shall initiate
person-centered planning services within 60 days of a request.
   (4) The participant agrees to all of the following terms and
conditions:
   (A) The participant shall undergo an in-depth orientation to the
SDS Program prior to enrollment.
   (B) The participant shall agree to utilize the services and
supports available within the SDS Program only when generic services
cannot be accessed, and except for Medi-Cal state plan benefits when
applicable.
   (C) The participant shall consent to use only services necessary
to implement his or her individual program plan as described in the
IPSD Waiver Program, and as defined in paragraph (6) of subdivision
(b), as an available service in the SDS Program, and shall agree to
comply with any and all other terms and conditions for participation
in the SDS Program described in this section.
   (D) The participant shall manage self-directed services within the
individual budget amount, chosen pursuant to subdivision (e).
   (E) The participant shall utilize the services of a financial
management services entity of his or her own choosing. A financial
management services provider may either be hired or designated by the
participant. A designated financial management services provider
shall perform services on a nonpaid basis. An individual or a parent
of an individual in the SDS Program shall provide financial
management services only as a designated provider and only if the
capacity to fulfill the roles and responsibilities as described in
the financial management services provider qualifications can be
demonstrated to the regional center.
   (F) The participant shall utilize the services of a supports
broker of his or her own choosing for the purpose of providing
services and functions as described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of
subdivision (b). A supports broker may either be hired or designated
by the participant. A designated supports broker shall perform
support brokerage services on a nonpaid basis. An individual or a
parent of an individual in the SDS Program shall provide supports
brokerage services or his or her designated representative shall
provide the services only as a designated provider and only if the
capacity to fulfill the role and responsibilities as described in the
supports broker provider qualifications can be demonstrated to the
financial management services entity.
   (j) A participant who is not Medi-Cal eligible may participate in
the SDS Program without IPSD Waiver Program enrollment and receive
self-directed services if all other IPSD Waiver Program eligibility
requirements are met.
   (k) The planning team, established pursuant to subdivision (j) of
Section 4512, shall utilize the person-centered planning process to
develop the Individual Program Plan (IPP) for an SDS participant. The
IPP shall detail the goals and objectives of the participant that
are to be met through the purchase of participant selected services
and supports.
   (l) The participant shall implement his or her IPP, including
choosing the services and supports allowable under this section
necessary to implement the plan. A regional center may not prohibit
the purchase of any service or support that is otherwise allowable
under this section.
   (m) An adult may designate an authorized representative to effect
the implementation. The representative shall meet all of the
following requirements:
   (1) He or she shall demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the
participant's needs and preferences.
   (2) He or she shall be willing and able to comply with SDS Program
requirements.
   (3) He or she shall be at least 18 years of age.
   (4) He or she shall be approved by the participant to act in the
capacity of a representative.
   (n) The participant, or his or her authorized representative and
the regional center case manager shall receive a monthly budget
statement that describes the amount of funds allocated by budget
category, the amount spent in the previous 30-day period, and the
amount of funding that remains available under the participant's
individual budget.
   (o) If at any time during participation in the SDS Program a
regional center determines that an individual is no longer eligible
to continue based on the criteria described in subdivision (i), or a
participant voluntarily chooses to exit the SDS Program, the regional
center shall provide for the participant's transition from the SDS
Program to other services and supports. This shall include the
development of a new individual program plan that reflects the
services and supports necessary to meet the individual's needs. The
regional center shall ensure that there is no gap in services and
supports during the transition period.
   (1) Upon determination of ineligibility pursuant to this
subdivision, the regional center shall inform the participant in
writing of his or her ineligibility, the reason for the determination
of ineligibility and shall provide a written notice of the fair
hearing rights, as required by Section 4701.
   (2) An individual determined ineligible, or who voluntarily exits
the SDS Program, shall be permitted to return to the SDS Program upon
meeting all applicable eligibility criteria and after a minimum of
12 months time has elapsed.
   (p) A participant in the SDS Program shall have all the rights
established in Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 4700), except as
provided under paragraph (6) of subdivision (e).
   (q) Only a financial management services provider is required to
apply for vendorization in accordance with Subchapter 2 (commencing
with Section 54300) of Chapter 3 of Title 17 of the California Code
of Regulations, for the SDS Program. All other service providers
shall have applicable state licenses, certifications, or other state
required documentation, but are exempt from the vendorization
requirements set forth in Title 17 of the California Code of
Regulations. The financial management services entity shall ensure
and document that all service providers meet specified requirements
for any service that may be delivered to the participant.
   (r) A participant in the SDS Program may request, at no charge to
the participant or the regional center, criminal history background
checks for persons seeking employment as a service provider and
providing direct care services to the participant.
   (1) Criminal history records checks pursuant to this subdivision
shall be performed and administered as described in subdivision (b)
and subdivisions (d) to (h), inclusive, of Section 4689.2, and
Sections 4689.4 to 4689.6, inclusive, and shall apply to
vendorization of providers and hiring of employees to provide
services for family home agencies and family homes.
   (2) The department may enter into a written agreement with the
Department of Justice to implement this subdivision.
   (s) A participant enrolled in the SDS Program pursuant to this
section and utilizing an individual budget for services and supports
is exempt from Section 4783 and from the Family Cost Participation
Program.
   (t) Notwithstanding any provision of law, an individual receiving
services and supports under the self-determination projects
established pursuant to Section 4685.5 may elect to continue to
receive self-determination services within his or her current scope
and existing procedures and parameters. Participation in a
self-determination project pursuant to Section 4685.5 may only be
terminated upon a participant's voluntary election and qualification
to receive services under another delivery system.
   (u) Each regional center shall be responsible for implementing an
SDS Program as a term of its contract under Section 4629.
   (v) Commencing January 10, 2008, the department shall annually
provide the following information to the policy and fiscal committees
of the Legislature:
   (1) Number and characteristics of participants, by regional
center.
   (2) Types and ranking of services and supports purchased under the
SDS Program, by regional center.
   (3) Range and average of individual budgets, by regional center.
   (4) Utilization of the risk pool, including range and average
individual budget augmentations and type of service, by regional
centers.
   (5) Information regarding consumer satisfaction under the SDS
Program and, when data is available, the traditional service delivery
system, by regional center.
   (6) The proportion of participants who report that their choices
and decisions are respected and supported.
   (7) The proportion of participants who report they are able to
recruit and hire qualified service providers.
   (8) The number and outcome of individual budget appeals, by
regional center.
   (9) The number and outcome of fair hearing appeals, by regional
center.
   (10) The number of participants who voluntarily withdraw from
participation in the SDS Program and a summary of the reasons why, by
regional center.
   (11) The number of participants who are subsequently determined to
no longer be eligible for the SDS Program and a summary of the
reasons why, by regional center.
   (12) Identification of barriers to participation and
recommendations for program improvements.
   (13) A comparison of average annual expenditures for individuals
with similar characteristics not participating in the SDS Program.


4685.8.  (a) The department shall implement a statewide
Self-Determination Program. The Self-Determination Program shall be
available in every regional center catchment area to provide
participants and their families, within an individual budget,
increased flexibility and choice, and greater control over decisions,
resources, and needed and desired services and supports to implement
their IPP. The statewide Self-Determination Program shall be phased
in over three years, and during this phase-in period, shall serve up
to 2,500 regional center consumers, inclusive of the remaining
participants in the self-determination pilot projects authorized
pursuant to Section 13 of Chapter 1043 of the Statutes of 1998, as
amended, and Article 4 (commencing with Section 4669.2) of Chapter 5.
Following the phase-in period, the program shall be available on a
voluntary basis to all regional center consumers who are eligible for
the Self-Determination Program. The program shall be available to
individuals who reflect the disability, ethnic, and geographic
diversity of the state.
   (b) The department in establishing the statewide program shall do
both of the following:
   (1) For the first three years of the Self-Determination Program,
determine, as part of the contracting process described in Sections
4620 and 4629, the number of participants each regional center shall
serve in its Self-Determination Program. To ensure that the program
is available on an equitable basis to participants in all regional
center catchment areas, the number of Self-Determination Program
participants in each regional center shall be based on the relative
percentage of total consumers served by the regional centers minus
any remaining participants in the self-determination pilot projects
authorized pursuant to Section 13 of Chapter 1043 of the Statutes of
1998, as amended, and Article 4 (commencing with Section 4669.2) of
Chapter 5 or another equitable basis.
   (2) Ensure all of the following:
   (A) Oversight of expenditure of self-determined funds and the
achievement of participant outcomes over time.
   (B) Increased participant control over which services and supports
best meet his or her needs and the IPP objectives. A participant's
unique support system may include the purchase of existing service
offerings from service providers or local businesses, hiring his or
her own support workers, or negotiating unique service arrangements
with local community resources.
   (C) Comprehensive person-centered planning, including an
individual budget and services that are outcome based.
   (D) Consumer and family training to ensure understanding of the
principles of self-determination, the planning process, and the
management of budgets, services, and staff.
   (E) Choice of independent facilitators who can assist with the
person-centered planning process and choice of financial management
services providers vendored by regional centers who can assist with
payments and provide employee-related services.
   (F) Innovation that will more effectively allow participants to
achieve their goals.
   (c) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
   (1) "Financial management services" means services or functions
that assist the participant to manage and direct the distribution of
funds contained in the individual budget, and ensure that the
participant has the financial resources to implement his or her IPP
throughout the year. These may include bill paying services and
activities that facilitate the employment of service and support
workers by the participant, including, but not limited to, fiscal
accounting, tax withholding, compliance with relevant state and
federal employment laws, assisting the participant in verifying
provider qualifications, including criminal background checks, and
expenditure reports. The financial management services provider shall
meet the requirements of Sections 58884, 58886, and 58887 of Title
17 of the California Code of Regulations and other specific
qualifications established by the department. The costs of financial
management services shall be paid by the participant out of his or
her individual budget, except for the cost of obtaining the criminal
background check specified in subdivision (w).
   (2) "Independent facilitator" means a person, selected and
directed by the participant, who is not otherwise providing services
to the participant pursuant to his or her IPP and is not employed by
a person providing services to the participant. The independent
facilitator may assist the participant in making informed decisions
about the individual budget, and in locating, accessing, and
coordinating services and supports consistent with the participant's
IPP. He or she is available to assist in identifying immediate and
long-term needs, developing options to meet those needs, leading,
participating, or advocating on behalf of the participant in the
person-centered planning process and development of the IPP, and
obtaining identified services and supports. The cost of the
independent facilitator, if any, shall be paid by the participant out
of his or her individual budget. An independent facilitator shall
receive training in the principles of self-determination, the
person-centered planning process, and the other responsibilities
described in this paragraph at his or her own cost.
   (3) "Individual budget" means the amount of regional center
purchase of service funding available to the participant for the
purchase of services and supports necessary to implement the IPP. The
individual budget shall be determined using a fair, equitable, and
transparent methodology.
   (4) "IPP" means individual program plan, as described in Section
4646.
   (5) "Participant" means an individual, and when appropriate, his
or her parents, legal guardian or conservator, or authorized
representative, who has been deemed eligible for, and has voluntarily
agreed to participate in, the Self-Determination Program.
   (6) "Self-determination" means a voluntary delivery system
consisting of a defined and comprehensive mix of services and
supports, selected and directed by a participant through
person-centered planning, in order to meet the objectives in his or
her IPP. Self-determination services and supports are designed to
assist the participant to achieve personally defined outcomes in
community settings that promote inclusion. The Self-Determination
Program shall only fund services and supports provided pursuant to
this division that the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid
Services determines are eligible for federal financial participation.
   (d) Participation in the Self-Determination Program is fully
voluntary. A participant may choose to participate in, and may choose
to leave, the Self-Determination Program at any time. A regional
center shall not require or prohibit participation in the
Self-Determination Program as a condition of eligibility for, or the
delivery of, services and supports otherwise available under this
division. Participation in the Self-Determination Program shall be
available to any regional center consumer who meets the following
eligibility requirements:
   (1) The participant has a developmental disability, as defined in
Section 4512, and is receiving services pursuant to this division.
   (2) The consumer does not live in a licensed long-term health care
facility, as defined in paragraph (44) of subdivision (a) of Section
54302 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations. An
individual, and when appropriate his or her parent, legal guardian or
conservator, or authorized representative, who is not eligible to
participate in the Self-Determination Program pursuant to this
paragraph may request that the regional center provide
person-centered planning services in order to make arrangements for
transition to the Self-Determination Program, provided that he or she
is reasonably expected to transition to the community within 90
days. In that case, the regional center shall initiate
person-centered planning services within 60 days of that request.
   (3) The participant agrees to all of the following terms and
conditions:
   (A) The participant shall receive an orientation to the
Self-Determination Program prior to enrollment, which includes the
principles of self-determination, the role of the independent
facilitator and the financial management services provider,
person-centered planning, and development of a budget.
   (B) The participant shall utilize the services and supports
available within the Self-Determination Program only when generic
services and supports are not available.
   (C) The participant shall only purchase services and supports
necessary to implement his or her IPP and shall comply with any and
all other terms and conditions for participation in the
Self-Determination Program described in this section.
   (D) The participant shall manage Self-Determination Program
services and supports within his or her individual budget.
   (E) The participant shall utilize the services of a financial
management services provider of his or her own choosing and who is
vendored by a regional center.
   (F) The participant may utilize the services of an independent
facilitator of his or her own choosing for the purpose of providing
services and functions as described in paragraph (2) of subdivision
(c). If the participant elects not to use an independent facilitator,
he or she may use his or her regional center service coordinator to
provide the services and functions described in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (c).
   (e) A participant who is not Medi-Cal eligible may participate in
the Self-Determination Program and receive self-determination
services and supports if all other program eligibility requirements
are met and the services and supports are otherwise eligible for
federal financial participation.
   (f) An individual receiving services and supports under a
self-determination pilot project authorized pursuant to Section 13 of
Chapter 1043 of the Statutes of 1998, as amended, or pursuant to
Article 4 (commencing with Section 4669.2) of Chapter 5, may elect to
continue to receive self-determination services and supports
pursuant to this section or the regional center shall provide for the
participant's transition from the self-determination pilot program
to other services and supports. This transition shall include the
development of a new IPP that reflects the services and supports
necessary to meet the individual's needs. The regional center shall
ensure that there is no gap in services and supports during the
transition period.
   (g) The additional federal financial participation funds generated
by the former participants of the self-determination pilot projects
authorized pursuant to Section 13 of Chapter 1043 of the Statutes of
1998, as amended, or pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section
4669.2) of Chapter 5, shall be used as follows:
   (1) First, to offset the cost to the department for the criminal
background check conducted pursuant to subdivision (w), and other
administrative costs incurred by the department in implementing the
Self-Determination Program.
   (2) With the remaining funds, to offset the costs to the regional
centers in implementing the Self-Determination Program, including,
but not limited to, operations costs for caseload ratio enhancement,
training for regional center staff, costs associated with the
participant's initial person-centered planning meeting, the
development of the participant's initial individual budget, and the
costs associated with training consumers and family members.
   (h) If at any time during participation in the Self-Determination
Program a regional center determines that a participant is no longer
eligible to continue in, or a participant voluntarily chooses to
exit, the Self-Determination Program, the regional center shall
provide for the participant's transition from the Self-Determination
Program to other services and supports. This transition shall include
the development of a new IPP that reflects the services and supports
necessary to meet the individual's needs. The regional center shall
ensure that there is no gap in services and supports during the
transition period.
   (i) An individual determined to be ineligible for or who
voluntarily exits the Self-Determination Program shall be permitted
to return to the Self-Determination Program upon meeting all
applicable eligibility criteria and upon approval of the participant'
s planning team, as described in subdivision (j) of Section 4512. An
individual who has voluntarily exited the Self-Determination Program
shall not return to the program for at least 12 months. During the
first three years of the program, the individual's right to return to
the program is conditioned on his or her regional center not having
reached the participant cap imposed by paragraph (1) of subdivision
(b).
   (j) An individual who participates in the Self-Determination
Program may elect to continue to receive self-determination services
and supports if he or she transfers to another regional center
catchment area, provided that he or she remains eligible for the
Self-Determination Program pursuant to subdivision (d). The balance
of the participant's individual budget shall be reallocated to the
regional center to which he or she transfers.
   (k) The IPP team shall utilize the person-centered planning
process to develop the IPP for a participant. The IPP shall detail
the goals and objectives of the participant that are to be met
through the purchase of participant-selected services and supports.
The IPP team shall determine the individual budget to ensure the
budget assists the participant to achieve the outcomes set forth in
his or her IPP and ensures his or her health and safety. The
completed individual budget shall be attached to the IPP.
   (l) The participant shall implement his or her IPP, including
choosing and purchasing the services and supports allowable under
this section necessary to implement the plan. A participant is exempt
from the cost control restrictions regarding the purchases of
services and supports pursuant to Sections 4648.5 and 4686.5. A
regional center shall not prohibit the purchase of any service or
support that is otherwise allowable under this section.
   (m) A participant shall have all the rights established in
Sections 4646 to 4646.6, inclusive, and Chapter 7 (commencing with
Section 4700).
   (n) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (4), the IPP team shall
determine the initial and any revised individual budget for the
participant using the following methodology:
   (A) (i) Except as specified in clause (ii), for a participant who
is a current consumer of the regional center, his or her individual
budget shall be the total amount of the most recently available 12
months of purchase of service expenditures for the participant.
   (ii) An adjustment may be made to the amount specified in clause
(i) if both of the following occur:
   (I) The IPP team determines that an adjustment to this amount is
necessary due to a change in the participant's circumstances, needs,
or resources that would result in an increase or decrease in purchase
of service expenditures, or the IPP team identifies prior needs or
resources that were unaddressed in the IPP, which would have resulted
in an increase or decrease in purchase of service expenditures.
   (II) The regional center certifies on the individual budget
document that regional center expenditures for the individual budget,
including any adjustment, would have occurred regardless of the
individual's participation in the Self-Determination Program.
   (iii) For purposes of clauses (i) and (ii), the amount of the
individual budget shall not be increased to cover the cost of the
independent facilitator or the financial management services.
   (B) For a participant who is either newly eligible for regional
center services or who does not have 12 months of purchase service
expenditures, his or her individual budget shall be calculated as
follows:
   (i) The IPP team shall identify the services and supports needed
by the participant and available resources, as required by Section
4646.
   (ii) The regional center shall calculate the cost of providing the
services and supports to be purchased by the regional center by
using the average cost paid by the regional center for each service
or support unless the regional center determines that the consumer
has a unique need that requires a higher or lower cost. The regional
center shall certify on the individual budget document that this
amount would have been expended using regional center purchase of
service funds regardless of the individual's participation in the
Self-Determination Program.
   (iii) For purposes of clauses (i) and (ii), the amount of the
individual budget shall not be increased to cover the cost of the
independent facilitator or the financial management services.
   (2) The amount of the individual budget shall be available to the
participant each year for the purchase of program services and
supports. An individual budget shall be calculated no more than once
in a 12-month period, unless revised to reflect a change in
circumstances, needs, or resources of the participant using the
process specified in clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph
(1).
   (3) The individual budget shall be assigned to uniform budget
categories developed by the department in consultation with
stakeholders and distributed according to the timing of the
anticipated expenditures in the IPP and in a manner that ensures that
the participant has the financial resources to implement his or her
IPP throughout the year.
   (4) The department, in consultation with stakeholders, may develop
alternative methodologies for individual budgets that are computed
in a fair, transparent, and equitable manner and are based on
consumer characteristics and needs, and that include a method for
adjusting individual budgets to address a participant's change in
circumstances or needs.
   (o) Annually, participants may transfer up to 10 percent of the
funds originally distributed to any budget category set forth in
paragraph (3) of subdivision (n) to another budget category or
categories. Transfers in excess of 10 percent of the original amount
allocated to any budget category may be made upon the approval of the
regional center or the participant's IPP team.
   (p) Consistent with the implementation date of the IPP, the IPP
team shall annually ascertain from the participant whether there are
any circumstances or needs that require a change to the annual
individual budget. Based on that review, the IPP team shall calculate
a new individual budget consistent with the methodology identified
in subdivision (n).
   (q) (1) On or before December 31, 2014, the department shall apply
for federal Medicaid funding for the Self-Determination Program by
doing one or more of the following:
   (A) Applying for a state plan amendment.
   (B) Applying for an amendment to a current home- and
community-based waiver for individuals with developmental
disabilities.
   (C) Applying for a new waiver.
   (D) Seeking to maximize federal financial participation through
other means.
   (2) To the extent feasible, the state plan amendment, waiver, or
other federal request described in paragraph (1) shall incorporate
the eligibility requirements, benefits, and operational requirements
set forth in this section. Except for the provisions of subdivisions
(k), (m), (p), and this subdivision, the department may modify
eligibility requirements, benefits, and operational requirements as
needed to secure approval of federal funding.
   (3) Contingent upon approval of federal funding, the
Self-Determination Program shall be established.
   (r) (1) The department, as it determines necessary, may adopt
regulations to implement the procedures set forth in this section.
Any regulations shall be adopted in accordance with the requirements
of Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division
3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
   (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) and Chapter 3.5 (commencing with
Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government
Code, and only to the extent that all necessary federal approvals are
obtained, the department, without taking any further regulatory
action, shall implement, interpret, or make specific this section by
means of program directives or similar instructions until the time
regulations are adopted. It is the intent of the Legislature that the
department be allowed this temporary authority as necessary to
implement program changes only until completion of the regulatory
process.
   (s) The department, in consultation with stakeholders, shall
develop informational materials about the Self-Determination Program.
The department shall ensure that regional centers are trained in the
principles of self-determination, the mechanics of the
Self-Determination Program, and the rights of consumers and families
as candidates for, and participants in, the Self-Determination
Program.
   (t) Each regional center shall be responsible for implementing the
Self-Determination Program as a term of its contract under Section
4629. As part of implementing the program, the regional center shall
do both of the following:
   (1) Contract with local consumer or family-run organizations to
conduct outreach through local meetings or forums to consumers and
their families to provide information about the Self-Determination
Program and to help ensure that the program is available to a diverse
group of participants, with special outreach to underserved
communities.
   (2) Collaborate with the local consumer or family-run
organizations identified in paragraph (1) to jointly conduct training
about the Self-Determination Program.
   (u) The financial management services provider shall provide the
participant and the regional center service coordinator with a
monthly individual budget statement that describes the amount of
funds allocated by budget category, the amount spent in the previous
30-day period, and the amount of funding that remains available under
the participant's individual budget.
   (v) Only the financial management services provider is required to
apply for vendorization in accordance with Subchapter 2 (commencing
with Section 54300) of Chapter 3 of Division 2 of Title 17 of the
California Code of Regulations, for the Self-Determination Program.
All other service and support providers shall not be on the federal
debarment list and shall have applicable state licenses,
certifications, or other state required documentation, including
documentation of any other qualifications required by the department,
but are exempt from the vendorization requirements set forth in
Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations when serving
participants in the Self-Determination Program.
   (w) To protect the health and safety of participants in the
Self-Determination Program, the department shall require a criminal
background check in accordance with all of the following:
   (1) The department shall issue a program directive that identifies
nonvendored providers of services and supports who shall obtain a
criminal background check pursuant to this subdivision. At a minimum,
these staff shall include both of the following:
   (A) Individuals who provide direct personal care services to a
participant.
   (B) Other nonvendored providers of services and supports for whom
a criminal background check is requested by a participant or the
participant's financial management service.
   (2) Subject to the procedures and requirements of this
subdivision, the department shall administer criminal background
checks consistent with the department's authority and the process
described in Sections 4689.2 to 4689.6, inclusive.
   (3) The department shall electronically submit to the Department
of Justice fingerprint images and related information required by the
Department of Justice of nonvendored providers of services and
supports, as specified in paragraph (1), for purposes of obtaining
information as to the existence and content of a record of state or
federal convictions and state or federal arrests and also information
as to the existence and content of a record of state or federal
arrests for which the Department of Justice establishes that the
person is free on bail or on his or her recognizance pending trial or
appeal.
   (4) When received, the Department of Justice shall forward to the
Federal Bureau of Investigation requests for federal summary criminal
history information received pursuant to this section. The
Department of Justice shall review the information returned from the
Federal Bureau of Investigation and compile and disseminate a
response to the department.
   (5) The Department of Justice shall provide a state or federal
response to the department pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision
(p) of Section 11105 of the Penal Code.
   (6) The department shall request from the Department of Justice
subsequent notification service, as provided pursuant to Section
11105.2 of the Penal Code, for persons described in paragraph (1).
   (7) The Department of Justice shall charge a fee sufficient to
cover the cost of processing the request described in this
subdivision.
   (8) The fingerprints of any provider of services and supports who
is required to obtain a criminal background check shall be submitted
to the Department of Justice prior to employment. The costs of the
fingerprints and the financial management service's administrative
cost authorized by the department shall be paid by the services and
supports provider or his or her employing agency. Any administrative
costs incurred by the department pursuant to this subdivision shall
be offset by the funds specified in subdivision (g).
   (9) If the criminal record information report shows a criminal
history, the department shall take the steps specified in Section
4689.2. The department may prohibit a provider of services and
supports from becoming employed, or continuing to be employed, based
on the criminal background check, as authorized in Section 4689.6.
The provider of services and supports who has been denied employment
shall have the rights set forth in Section 4689.6.
   (10) The department may utilize a current department-issued
criminal record clearance to enable a provider to serve more than one
participant, as long as the criminal record clearance has been
processed through the department and no subsequent arrest
notifications have been received relative to the cleared applicant.
   (11) Consistent with subdivision (h) of Section 4689.2, the
participant or financial management service that denies or terminates
employment based on written notification from the department shall
not incur civil liability or unemployment insurance liability.
                                                      (x) To ensure
the effective implementation of the Self-Determination Program and
facilitate the sharing of best practices and training materials
commencing with the implementation of the Self-Determination Program,
local and statewide advisory committees shall be established as
follows:
   (1) Each regional center shall establish a local volunteer
advisory committee to provide oversight of the Self-Determination
Program. The regional center and the State Council on Developmental
Disabilities shall each appoint one-half of the membership of the
committee. The committee shall consist of the regional center clients'
rights advocate, consumers, family members, and other advocates, and
community leaders. A majority of the committee shall be consumers
and their family members. The committee shall reflect the
multicultural diversity and geographic profile of the catchment area.
The committee shall review the development and ongoing progress of
the Self-Determination Program, including whether the program
advances the principles of self-determination and is operating
consistent with the requirements of this section, and may make
ongoing recommendations for improvement to the regional center and
the department.
   (2) The State Council on Developmental Disabilities shall form a
volunteer committee, to be known as the Statewide Self-Determination
Advisory Committee, comprised of the chairs of the 21 local advisory
committees or their designees. The council shall convene the
Statewide Self-Determination Advisory Committee twice annually, or
more frequently in the sole discretion of the council. The Statewide
Self-Determination Advisory Committee shall meet by teleconference or
other means established by the council, to identify
self-determination best practices, effective consumer and family
training materials, implementation concerns, systemic issues, ways to
enhance the program, and recommendations regarding the most
effective method for participants to learn of individuals who are
available to provide services and supports. The council shall
synthesize information received from the Statewide Self-Determination
Advisory Committee, local advisory committees, and other sources,
shall share the information with consumers, families, regional
centers, and the department, and shall make recommendations, as
appropriate, to increase the program's effectiveness in furthering
the principles of self-determination.
   (y) Commencing January 10, 2017, the department shall annually
provide the following information to the appropriate policy and
fiscal committees of the Legislature:
   (1) Number and characteristics of participants, by regional
center.
   (2) Types and amount of services and supports purchased under the
Self-Determination Program, by regional center.
   (3) Range and average of individual budgets, by regional center,
including adjustments to the budget to address the adjustments
permitted in clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) of
subdivision (n).
   (4) The number and outcome of appeals concerning individual
budgets, by regional center.
   (5) The number and outcome of fair hearing appeals, by regional
center.
   (6) The number of participants who voluntarily withdraw from the
Self-Determination Program and a summary of the reasons why, by
regional center.
   (7) The number of participants who are subsequently determined to
no longer be eligible for the Self-Determination Program and a
summary of the reasons why, by regional center.
   (z) (1) The State Council on Developmental Disabilities, in
collaboration with the protection and advocacy agency identified in
Section 4900 and the federally funded University Centers for
Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research, and
Service, may work with regional centers to survey participants
regarding participant satisfaction under the Self-Determination
Program and, when data is available, the traditional service delivery
system, including the proportion of participants who report that
their choices and decisions are respected and supported and who
report that they are able to recruit and hire qualified service
providers, and to identify barriers to participation and
recommendations for improvement.
   (2) The council, in collaboration with the protection and advocacy
agency identified in Section 4900 and the federally funded
University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities
Education, Research, and Service, shall issue a report to the
Legislature, in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code,
no later than three years following the approval of the federal
funding on the status of the Self-Determination Program authorized by
this section, and provide recommendations to enhance the
effectiveness of the program. This review shall include the program's
effectiveness in furthering the principles of self-determination,
including all of the following:
   (A) Freedom, which includes the ability of adults with
developmental disabilities to exercise the same rights as all
citizens to establish, with freely chosen supporters, family and
friends, where they want to live, with whom they want to live, how
their time will be occupied, and who supports them; and for families
to have the freedom to receive unbiased assistance of their own
choosing when developing a plan and to select all personnel and
supports to further the life goals of a minor child.
   (B) Authority, which includes the ability of a person with a
disability, or family, to control a certain sum of dollars in order
to purchase services and supports of their choosing.
   (C) Support, which includes the ability to arrange resources and
personnel, both formal and informal, that will assist a person with a
disability to live a life in his or her community that is rich in
community participation and contributions.
   (D) Responsibility, which includes the ability of participants to
take responsibility for decisions in their own lives and to be
accountable for the use of public dollars, and to accept a valued
role in their community through, for example, competitive employment,
organizational affiliations, spiritual development, and general
caring of others in their community.
   (E) Confirmation, which includes confirmation of the critical role
of participants and their families in making decisions in their own
lives and designing and operating the system that they rely on.

4686.  (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or regulation
to the contrary, an in-home respite worker who is not a licensed
health care professional but who is trained by a licensed health care
professional may perform incidental medical services for consumers
of regional centers with stable conditions, after successful
completion of training as provided in this section. Incidental
medical services provided by trained in-home respite workers shall be
limited to the following:
   (1) Colostomy and ileostomy: changing bags and cleaning stoma.
   (2) Urinary catheter: emptying and changing bags and care of
catheter site.
   (3) Gastrostomy: feeding, hydration, cleaning stoma, and adding
medication per physician's or nurse practitioner's orders for the
routine medication of patients with stable conditions.
   (b) In order to be eligible to receive training for purposes of
this section, an in-home respite worker shall submit to the trainer
proof of successful completion of a first aid course and successful
completion of a cardiopulmonary resuscitation course within the
preceding year.
   (c) The training in incidental medical services required under
this section shall be provided by physicians or registered nurses.
Training in gastrostomy services shall be provided by a physician or
registered nurse, or through a gastroenterology or surgical center in
an acute care hospital, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section
1250 of the Health and Safety Code, which meets California Children
Services' Program standards for centers for children with congenital
gastrointestinal disorders, or comparable standards for adults, or by
a physician or registered nurse who has been certified to provide
training by the center.
   (d) The in-home respite agency providing the training shall
develop a training protocol which shall be submitted for approval to
the State Department of Developmental Services. The department shall
approve those protocols that specifically address both of the
following:
   (1) A description of the incidental medical services to be
provided by trained in-home respite workers.
   (2) A description of the protocols by which the training will be
provided. Protocols shall include a demonstration of the following
skills by the trainee:
   (A) Care of the gastrostomy, colostomy, ileostomy, or urinary
catheter site.
   (B) Performance of gastrostomy tube feeding, changing bags and
cleaning stoma of colostomy or ileostomy sites, and emptying and
changing urinary catheter bags.
   (C) Identification of, and appropriate response to, problems and
complications associated with gastrostomy care and feeding, colostomy
and ileostomy care, and care of urinary catheter sites.
   (D) Continuing education requirements.
   (e) Training by the gastroenterology or surgical center, or the
certified physician or registered nurse, shall be done in accordance
with the approved training protocol. Training of in-home respite
workers shall be specific to the individual needs of the regional
center consumer receiving the incidental medical service and shall be
in accordance with orders from the consumer's treating physician or
surgeon.
   (f) The treating physician or surgeon shall give assurances to the
regional center that the patient's condition is stable prior to the
regional center's purchasing incidental medical services for the
consumer through an appropriately trained respite worker.
   (g) Prior to the purchase of incidental medical services through a
trained respite worker, the regional center shall do all of the
following:
   (1) Ensure that a nursing assessment of the consumer, performed by
a registered nurse, is conducted to determine whether an in-home
respite worker, licensed vocational nurse, or registered nurse may
perform the services.
   (2) Ensure that a nursing assessment of the home has been
conducted to determine whether incidental medical services can
appropriately be provided in that setting.
   (h) The agency providing in-home respite services shall do all of
the following:
   (1) Ensure adequate training of the in-home respite worker.
   (2) Ensure that telephone backup and emergency consultation by a
registered nurse or physician is available.
   (3) Develop a plan for care specific to the incidental medical
services provided to be carried out by the respite worker.
   (4) Ensure that the in-home respite worker and the incidental
medical services provided by the respite worker are adequately
supervised by a registered nurse.
   (i) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or regulation to
the contrary, the hourly rate for an in-home respite agency shall be
increased to provide a fifty cent ($.50) per hour wage increase and
an eight-cent ($.08) per hour benefit increase for the hours the
in-home respite agency is providing incidental medical services.
   (j) To expand the availability of trained in-home respite agency
staff, a regional center may reimburse the in-home respite agency up
to two hundred dollars ($200) semiannually, for the provision of
training pursuant to subdivision (c).
   (k) For purposes of this section, "in-home respite worker" means
an individual employed by an agency which is vendored by a regional
center to provide in-home respite services. These agencies include,
but are not limited to, in-home respite services agencies, home
health agencies, or other agencies providing these services.

4686.2.  (a) Effective July 1, 2009, notwithstanding any other
provision of law or regulation to the contrary, any vendor who
provides applied behavioral analysis (ABA) services, or intensive
behavioral intervention services or both, as defined in subdivision
(d), shall:
   (1) Conduct a behavioral assessment of each consumer to whom the
vendor provides these services.
   (2) Design an intervention plan that shall include the service
type, number of hours and parent participation needed to achieve the
consumer's goals and objectives, as set forth in the consumer's
individual program plan (IPP) or individualized family service plan
(IFSP). The intervention plan shall also set forth the frequency at
which the consumer's progress shall be evaluated and reported.
   (3) Provide a copy of the intervention plan to the regional center
for review and consideration by the planning team members.
   (b) Effective July 1, 2009, notwithstanding any other provision of
law or regulation to the contrary, regional centers shall:
   (1) Only purchase ABA services or intensive behavioral
intervention services that reflect evidence-based practices, promote
positive social behaviors, and ameliorate behaviors that interfere
with learning and social interactions.
   (2) Only purchase ABA or intensive behavioral intervention
services when the parent or parents of minor consumers receiving
services participate in the intervention plan for the consumers,
given the critical nature of parent participation to the success of
the intervention plan.
   (3) Not purchase either ABA or intensive behavioral intervention
services for purposes of providing respite, day care, or school
services.
   (4) Discontinue purchasing ABA or intensive behavioral
intervention services for a consumer when the consumer's treatment
goals and objectives, as described under subdivision (a), are
achieved. ABA or intensive behavioral intervention services shall not
be discontinued until the goals and objectives are reviewed and
updated as required in paragraph (5) and shall be discontinued only
if those updated treatment goals and objectives do not require ABA or
intensive behavioral intervention services.
   (5) For each consumer, evaluate the vendor's intervention plan and
number of service hours for ABA or intensive behavioral intervention
no less than every six months, consistent with evidence-based
practices. If necessary, the intervention plan's treatment goals and
objectives shall be updated and revised.
   (6) Not reimburse a parent for participating in a behavioral
services treatment program.
   (c) For consumers receiving ABA or behavioral intervention
services on July 1, 2009, as part of their IPP or IFSP, subdivision
(b) shall apply on August 1, 2009.
   (d) For purposes of this section the following definitions shall
apply:
   (1) "Applied behavioral analysis" means the design,
implementation, and evaluation of systematic instructional and
environmental modifications to promote positive social behaviors and
reduce or ameliorate behaviors which interfere with learning and
social interaction.
   (2) "Intensive behavioral intervention" means any form of applied
behavioral analysis that is comprehensive, designed to address all
domains of functioning, and provided in multiple settings for no more
than 40 hours per week, across all settings, depending on the
individual's needs and progress. Interventions can be delivered in a
one-to-one ratio or small group format, as appropriate.
   (3) "Evidence-based practice" means a decisionmaking process that
integrates the best available scientifically rigorous research,
clinical expertise, and individual's characteristics. Evidence-based
practice is an approach to treatment rather than a specific
treatment. Evidence-based practice promotes the collection,
interpretation, integration, and continuous evaluation of valid,
important, and applicable individual- or family-reported,
clinically-observed, and research-supported evidence. The best
available evidence, matched to consumer circumstances and
preferences, is applied to ensure the quality of clinical judgments
and facilitates the most cost-effective care.
   (4) "Parent participation" shall include, but shall not be limited
to, the following meanings:
   (A) Completion of group instruction on the basics of behavior
intervention.
   (B) Implementation of intervention strategies, according to the
intervention plan.
   (C) If needed, collection of data on behavioral strategies and
submission of that data to the provider for incorporation into
progress reports.
   (D) Participation in any needed clinical meetings.
   (E) Purchase of suggested behavior modification materials or
community involvement if a reward system is used.

4686.3.  The department shall adopt emergency regulations to address
the use of paraprofessionals in group practice provider behavioral
intervention services and establish a rate. The regulations shall
also establish a rate and the educational or experiential
qualifications and professional supervision requirements necessary
for the paraprofessional to provide behavioral intervention services.
The adoption, amendment, repeal, or readoption of a regulation
authorized by this section is deemed to be necessary for the
immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, or
general welfare, for purposes of Sections 11346.1 and 11349.6 of the
Government Code, and the department is hereby exempted from the
requirement that it describe specific facts showing the need for
immediate action. A certificate of compliance for these implementing
regulations shall be filed within 24 months following the adoption of
the first emergency regulations filed pursuant to this section.

4686.31.  (a) Effective July 1, 2011, notwithstanding any other law
or regulation to the contrary, any vendor who provides services as
specified in paragraph (4) shall submit verification to the regional
center for services provided to consumers who are under 18 years of
age and residing in the family home as follows:
   (1) The department shall develop and post a standard form for
vendors to complete and provide to the family for signature. The form
shall include, but not be limited to, the name and title of the
vendor, the vendor identification number, the name of the consumer,
the unique client identifier, the location of the service, the date
and start and end times of the service, and a description of the
service provided. The form shall also include instructions for the
parents or legally appointed guardians to contact the regional center
service coordinator immediately if they are unable to sign the form.
   (2) The vendor shall provide the parents or legally appointed
guardians of a minor consumer with the department form to sign. The
form shall be signed and dated by the parents or legally appointed
guardians of a minor consumer and be submitted to the vendor
providing services within 30 days of the month in which the services
were provided.
   (3) The vendor shall submit the completed forms to the regional
center together with the vendor's invoices for the services provided.
   (4) If the parents or legally appointed guardians of a minor
consumer do not submit a form to the vendor, the vendor shall notify
the regional center.
   (5) This subdivision shall only apply to the following types of
services: Behavior Analyst, Associate Behavior Analyst, Behavior
Management Assistant, Behavior Technician (Paraprofessional),
Behavior Management Consultant, Counseling Services, Tutor, Crisis
Team-Evaluation and Behavioral Intervention, Tutor Services-Group,
Client/Parent Support Behavior Intervention Training, and
Parent-Coordinated Home Based Behavior Intervention Program for
Autistic Children.
   (b) The failure of the parents or legally appointed guardians of a
minor consumer to submit a verification of services to the vendor
shall not be a basis for terminating or changing behavioral services
to the minor consumer. Any changes to behavioral services shall be
made by the consumer's planning team pursuant to Section 4512.

4686.5.  (a) Effective July 1, 2009, notwithstanding any other
provision of law or regulation to the contrary, all of the following
shall apply:
   (1) A regional center may only purchase respite services when the
care and supervision needs of a consumer exceed that of an individual
of the same age without developmental disabilities.
   (2) A regional center shall not purchase more than 21 days of
out-of-home respite services in a fiscal year nor more than 90 hours
of in-home respite services in a quarter, for a consumer.
   (3) (A) A regional center may grant an exemption to the
requirements set forth in paragraphs (1) and (2) if it is
demonstrated that the intensity of the consumer's care and
supervision needs are such that additional respite is necessary to
maintain the consumer in the family home, or there is an
extraordinary event that impacts the family member's ability to meet
the care and supervision needs of the consumer.
   (B) For purposes of this section, "family member" means an
individual who:
   (i) Has a consumer residing with him or her.
   (ii) Is responsible for the 24-hour care and supervision of the
consumer.
   (iii) Is not a licensed or certified residential care facility or
foster family home receiving funds from any public agency or regional
center for the care and supervision provided. Notwithstanding this
provision, a relative who receives foster care funds shall not be
precluded from receiving respite.
   (4) A regional center shall not purchase day care services to
replace or supplant respite services. For purposes of this section,
"day care" is defined as regularly provided care, protection, and
supervision of a consumer living in the home of his or her parents,
for periods of less than 24 hours per day, while the parents are
engaged in employment outside of the home or educational activities
leading to employment, or both.
   (5) A regional center shall only consider in-home supportive
services a generic resource when the approved in-home supportive
services meets the respite need as identified in the consumer's
individual program plan (IPP) or individualized family service plan
(IFSP).
   (b) For consumers receiving respite services on July 1, 2009, as
part of their IPP or IFSP, subdivision (a) shall apply on August 1,
2009.
   (c) This section shall remain in effect until implementation of
the individual choice budget pursuant to Section 4648.6 and
certification by the Director of the Department of Developmental
Services that the individual choice budget has been implemented and
will result in state budget savings sufficient to offset the costs
associated with the repeal of this section. This section shall be
repealed on the date of certification.

4687.  Consistent with state and federal law, the Legislature
recognizes the rights of persons with disabilities to have
relationships, marry, be a part of a family, and to parent if they so
choose. The Legislature further recognizes that individuals with
developmental disabilities may need support and counseling in order
to make informed decisions in these areas. In order to achieve these
goals, the following services may be made available to persons with
developmental disabilities:
   (a) Sexuality training.
   (b) Parenting skills training.
   (c) Supported living arrangements for parents with developmental
disabilities and their children.
   (d) Advocacy assistance to deal with agencies, including, but not
limited to, child protective services, and assistance in
reunification planning.
   (e) Family counseling services.
   (f) Other services and supports listed in Section 4685 when needed
to maintain and strengthen the family unit, where one or both of the
parents is an individual with developmental disabilities.

4688.  (a) Consistent with state and federal law, the Legislature
places a high priority on providing opportunities for individuals
with developmental disabilities to be integrated into the mainstream
life of their natural communities. In order to ensure that
opportunities for integration are maximized, the procedure described
in subdivision (b) shall be adopted.
   (b) Regional centers shall be responsible for expanding
opportunities for the full and equal participation of persons with
developmental disabilities in their local communities through,
activities, that may include, but shall not be limited to, the
following:
   (1) Outreach to, and training and education of, representatives of
community service agencies and programs, businesses, and community
activity providers regarding the provision and expansion of
opportunities for participation by regional center consumers.
   (2) Developing a community resources list.
   (3) Providing assistance to case managers and family members on
expanding community integration options for consumers in the areas of
work, recreation, social, community service, education, and public
services.
   (4) Developing and facilitating the use of innovative methods of
contracting with community members to provide support in natural
environments to regional center consumers.
   (5) Development and facilitating the use of natural supports to
enhance community participation.
   (6) Providing technical assistance to, and coordinating with,
community support facilitators who will be used to provide supports
to individual consumers for community participation, as needed.
   (7) Providing sources of information relevant to individuals in
making informed choices about employment options. This information
may include, but need not be limited to, work incentive programs for
persons with developmental disabilities, access and retention of
needed benefits, interactions of earned income, asset building, or
other financial changes on benefits, employment programs and
protections, taxpayer requirements and responsibilities, training
opportunities, and information and services available through other
agencies, organizations, or on the Internet.

4688.05.  Regional centers shall provide independent living skills
services to an adult consumer, consistent with his or her individual
program plan, that provide the consumer with functional skills
training that enables him or her to acquire or maintain skills to
live independently in his or her own home, or to achieve greater
independence while living in the home of a parent, family member, or
other person.

4688.1.  (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or
regulation to the contrary, vendors of behavior management, activity
center, and adult development center day programs, social recreation
programs, socialization training programs, community integration
training programs, community activities support programs, creative
art programs, and work activity programs shall offer an alternative
senior program component focused on the needs of individuals with
developmental disabilities who are over 50 years of age, at a rate
not to exceed the lesser of thirty-five dollars ($35) per day or the
vendor's existing daily rate.
   (1)  The alternative senior program component shall be provided at
a ratio of no more than eight consumers to one staff member.
   (2)  Consistent with the intent of the Lanterman Developmental
Disabilities Services Act, the alternative senior program component
shall be offered within the provider's existing vendored capacity as
reflected in its program design or licensed capacity.
   (b) Effective July 1, 2009, at the time of development, review, or
modification of an eligible consumer's individual program plan,
regional centers, as appropriate, shall provide information about and
offer an alternative senior program. The alternative senior program
shall be offered to eligible consumers who want to transition to a
program component focused on the needs and interests of seniors.
   (c) Effective July 1, 2011, a regional center shall not refer any
additional consumers to alternative senior programs.

4688.2.  (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or
regulation to the contrary, vendors of behavior management, activity
center, and adult development center adult day programs, community
integration training programs, and community activities support
services programs shall offer an alternative customized program
component with an appropriate staffing component to meet
individualized consumer needs.
   (1) The alternative customized program component shall be offered
within the provider's existing vendored capacity, as reflected in its
program design or licensed capacity.
   (2) The regional center shall fund customized programs based on
the vendor's existing rate and only fund those hours provided.
   (b) Effective July 1, 2009, at the time of development, review, or
modification of a consumer's individual program plan, regional
centers, as appropriate, shall provide information about and make
available the customized program option.
   (1) The alternative customized program component shall be offered
to individuals with developmental disabilities who want a program
focused on their individualized needs and interests to develop or
maintain employment or volunteer activities in lieu of their current
program.
   (2) Total hours of service for this alternative customized program
shall range between 20 and 80 hours per month, per person, depending
on the support needs of the individual.
   (c) Effective July 1, 2011, a regional center shall not refer any
additional consumers to alternative customized programs.

4688.21.  (a) The Legislature places a high priority on
opportunities for adults with developmental disabilities to choose
and customize day services to meet their individualized needs; have
opportunities to further the development or maintenance of employment
and volunteer activities; direct their services; pursue
postsecondary education; and increase their ability to lead
integrated and inclusive lives. To further these goals, a consumer
may choose a tailored day service or vouchered community-based
training service, in lieu of any other regional center vendored day
program, look-alike day program, supported employment program, or
work activity program.
   (b) (1) A tailored day service shall do both of the following:
   (A) Include an individualized service design, as determined
through the individual program plan (IPP) and approved by the
regional center, that maximizes the consumer's individualized choices
and needs. This service design may include, but may not be limited
to, the following:
   (i) Fewer days or hours than in the program's approved day
program, look-alike day program, supported employment program, or
work activity program design.
   (ii) Flexibility in the duration and intensity of services to meet
the consumer's individualized needs.
   (B) Encourage opportunities to further the development or
maintenance of employment, volunteer activities, or pursuit of
postsecondary education; maximize consumer direction of the service;
and increase the consumer's ability to lead an integrated and
inclusive life.
   (2) The type and amount of tailored day service shall be
determined through the IPP process, pursuant to Section 4646. The IPP
shall contain, but not be limited to, the following:
   (A) A detailed description of the consumer's individualized
choices and needs and how these choices and needs will be met.
   (B) The type and amount of services and staffing needed to meet
the consumer's individualized choices and needs, and unique health
and safety and other needs.
   (3) The staffing requirements set forth in Section 55756 of Title
17 of the California Code of Regulations and subdivision (r) of
Section 4851 of this code shall not apply to a tailored day service.
   (4) For currently vendored programs wishing to offer a tailored
day service option, the regional center shall vendor a tailored day
service option upon negotiating a rate and maximum units of service
design that includes, but is not limited to, the following:
   (A) A daily or hourly rate and maximum units of service design
that does not exceed the equivalent cost of four days per week of the
vendor's current rate, if the vendor has a daily day program rate.
   (B) A rate and maximum units of service design that does not
exceed the equivalent cost of four-fifths of the hours of the vendor'
s current rate, if the vendor has an hourly rate.
   (5) The regional center shall ensure that the vendor is capable of
complying with, and will comply with, the consumer's IPP, individual
choice, and health and safety needs.
   (6) For new programs wishing to offer a tailored day service
option, the regional center shall vendor a tailored day service
option upon negotiating a rate and maximum units of service design.
The rate paid to the new vendor shall not exceed four-fifths of the
temporary payment rate or the median rate, whichever is applicable.
   (7) Effective July 1, 2011, and prior to the time of development,
review, or modification of a consumer's IPP, regional centers shall
provide information about tailored day service to eligible adult
consumers. A consumer may request information about tailored day
services from the regional center at any time and may request an IPP
meeting to secure those services.
   (c) (1) A vouchered community-based training service is defined as
a consumer-directed service that assists the consumer in the
development of skills required for community integrated employment or
participation in volunteer activities, or both, and the assistance
necessary for the consumer to secure employment or volunteer
positions or pursue secondary education.
   (2) Implementation of vouchered community-based training service
is contingent upon the approval of the federal Centers for Medicare
and Medicaid Services.
   (3) Vouchered community-based training service shall be provided
in natural environments in the community, separate from the consumer'
s residence.
   (4) A consumer, parent, or conservator vendored as a vouchered
community-based training service shall utilize the services of a
financial management services (FMS) entity. The regional center shall
provide information about available financial management services
and shall assist the consumer in selecting a FMS vendor to act as
coemployer.
   (5) A parent or conservator shall not be the direct support worker
employed by the vouchered community-based training service vendor.
   (6) If the direct support worker is required to transport the
consumer, the vouchered community-based training service vendor shall
verify that the direct support worker can transport the consumer
safely and has a valid California driver's license and proof of
insurance.
   (7) The rate for vouchered community-based training service shall
not exceed thirteen dollars and forty-seven cents ($13.47) per hour.
The rate includes employer-related taxes and all transportation
needed to implement the service, except as described in paragraph
(8). The rate does not include the cost of the FMS.
   (8) A consumer vendored as a vouchered community-based training
service shall also be eligible for a regional center-funded bus pass,
if appropriate and needed.
   (9) Vouchered community-based training service shall be limited to
a maximum of 150 hours per quarter. The services to be provided and
the service hours shall be documented in the consumer's IPP.
   (10) A direct support worker of vouchered community-based training
service shall be an adult who possesses the skill, training, and
experience necessary to provide services in accordance with the IPP.
   (11) Effective July 1, 2011, and prior to the time of development,
review, or modification of a consumer's IPP, regional centers shall
provide information about vouchered community-based training service
to eligible adult consumers. A consumer may request information about
vouchered community-based training service from the regional center
at any time and may request an IPP meeting to secure those services.
   (12) The type and amount of vouchered community-based training
service shall be determined through the IPP process pursuant to
Section 4646. The IPP shall contain, but not be limited to, the
following:
   (A) A detailed description of the consumer's individualized
choices and needs and how these choices and needs will be met.
   (B) The type and amount of services and staffing needed to meet
the consumer's individualized choices and unique health and safety
and other needs.
   (d) The department may adopt emergency regulations for tailored
day service or vouchered community-based training service. The
adoption, amendment, repeal, or readoption of a regulation authorized
by this subdivision is deemed to be necessary for the immediate
preservation of the public peace, health and safety, or general
welfare, for purposes of Sections 11346.1 and 11349.6 of the
Government Code, and the department is hereby exempted from the
requirement that it describe specific facts showing the need for
immediate action. A certificate of compliance for these implementing
regulations shall be filed within 24 months following the adoption of
the first emergency regulations filed pursuant to this subdivision.


4688.3.  (a) The State Department of Health Care Services and the
department shall jointly seek a federal Centers for Medicare and
Medicaid Services' (CMS) approved 1915(i) state plan amendment to
expand federal financial participation for services to persons with
developmental disabilities provided by regional centers pursuant to
Division 4.5 (commencing with Section 4500).
   (b) Services provided pursuant to this section shall be rendered
under the administrative direction of the department. The department
may issue program directives to regional centers for implementing the
approved state plan amendment.
   (c) If CMS approves the state plan amendment pursuant to Section
1915(i) of the Social Security Act, the Director of Health Care
Services shall execute a declaration stating that this approval has
been granted. The director shall retain the declaration and this
section shall be implemented commencing on the date that the director
executes a declaration pursuant to this subdivision.
   (d) The department may adopt regulations to implement this section
and any sections in Division 4.5 (commencing with Section 4500)
necessary to implement the terms of the 1915(i) state plan amendment.
The adoption, amendment, repeal, or readoption of a regulation
authorized by this section is deemed to be necessary for the
immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, or
general welfare, for purposes of Sections 11346.1 and 11349.9 of the
Government Code, and the department is hereby exempted from that
requirement. For purposes of subdivision (e) of Section 11346.1 of
the Government Code, the 120-day period, as applicable to the
effective period of an emergency regulatory action and submission of
specified materials to the Office of Administrative Law, is hereby
extended to 180 days.
   (e) The department shall adopt regulations to implement the terms
of the 1915(i) state plan amendment though the regular rulemaking
process pursuant to Sections 11346 and 11349.1 of the Government Code
within 18 months of the adoption of emergency regulations pursuant
to subdivision (d).
   (f) The department shall consult with stakeholders, as defined in
subdivision (k) of Section 4512.
   (g) The State Department of Health Care Services shall post a copy
of, or a link to, the approved state plan amendment and any State
Department of Developmental Services regulations or program
directives, or both, issued pursuant to this section on its Internet
Web site.

4688.5.  (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the
contrary, the department may approve a proposal or proposals by
Golden Gate Regional Center, Regional Center of the East Bay, and San
Andreas Regional Center to provide for, secure, and assure the full
payment of a lease or leases on housing, developed pursuant to this
section, based on the availability for occupancy in each home, if all
of the following conditions are met:
   (1) The acquired or developed real property is available for
occupancy by individuals eligible for regional center services and is
integrated with housing for people without disabilities.
   (2) The regional center has approved the proposed ownership
entity, management entity, and developer or development entity for
each project, and, prior to granting the approval, has consulted with
the department and has provided to the department a proposal that
includes the credentials of the proposed entities.
   (3) The costs associated with the proposal are reasonable.
   (4) The proposal includes a plan for a transfer at a time certain
of the real property's ownership to a nonprofit entity to be approved
by the regional center.
   (b) Prior to approving a regional center proposal pursuant to
subdivision (a), the department, in consultation with the California
Housing Finance Agency and the Department of Housing and Community
Development shall review all of the following:
   (1) The terms and conditions of the financing structure for
acquisition and/or development of the real property.
   (2) Any and all agreements that govern the real property's
ownership, occupancy, maintenance, management, and operation, to
ensure that the use of the property is maintained for the benefit of
persons with developmental disabilities.
   (c) No sale encumbrance, hypothecation, assignment, refinancing,
pledge, conveyance, exchange or transfer in any other form of the
real property, or of any of its interest therein, shall occur without
the prior written approval of the department and the Health and
Human Services Agency.
   (d) Notice of the restrictions pursuant to this section shall be
recorded against the acquired or developed real property subject to
this section.
   (e) At least 45 days prior to granting approval under subdivision
(c), the department shall provide notice to the chairs and vice
chairs of the fiscal committees of the Assembly and the Senate, the
Secretary of the Health and Human Services Agency, and the Director
of Finance.
   (f) The regional center shall not be eligible to acquire or
develop real property for the purpose of residential housing.

4688.6.  (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the
contrary, the department may receive and approve a proposal or
proposals by any regional center to provide for, secure, or ensure
the full payment of a lease or leases on housing based on the
availability for occupancy in each home. These proposals shall not
include an adult residential facility for persons with special health
care needs, as defined in Section 1567.50 of the Health and Safety
Code. Proposals submitted by regional centers shall meet all of the
following conditions:
   (1) The acquired or developed real property is available for
occupancy by individuals eligible for regional center services and is
integrated with other housing in the community for people without
disabilities.
   (2) The regional center has submitted documents demonstrating the
appropriate credentials and terms of the project and has approved the
proposed nonprofit ownership entity, management entity, and
developer or development entity for each project.
   (3) The costs associated with the proposal are reasonable and
maximize the receipt of federal Medicaid funding. The department
shall only approve proposals that include a process for the regional
center to review recent sales of comparable properties to ensure the
purchase price is within the range of fair market value and, if
significant renovations of a home will be undertaken after the home
is purchased, competing bids for that renovation work to ensure that
the cost of the work is reasonable. For purposes of this subdivision,
"significant renovations" means renovations that exceed 5 percent of
the purchase price of the home.
   (4) The proposal includes a plan for a transfer at a time certain
of the real property's ownership to a nonprofit entity to be approved
by the regional center.
   (5) The regional center has submitted, with the proposal, the
nonrefundable developer fee established in subdivision (d).
   (b) Prior to approving a regional center proposal pursuant to
subdivision (a), the department may contract or consult with a public
or private sector entity that has appropriate experience in
structuring complex real estate financial transactions, but is not
otherwise involved in any lending related to the project to review
any of the following:
   (1) The terms and conditions of the financing structure for
acquisition or development of the real property.
   (2) Any and all agreements that govern the real property's
ownership, occupancy, maintenance, management, and operation, to
ensure that the use of the property is maintained for the benefit of
persons with developmental disabilities.
   (c) The department may impose a limit on the number of proposals
considered pursuant to subdivision (a). If a limit is imposed, the
department shall notify the Association of Regional Center Agencies.
   (d) (1) The department shall charge the developer of the housing
described in the regional center proposal a reasonable, nonrefundable
fee for each proposal submitted. The fee shall be for the purpose of
reimbursing the department's costs associated with conducting the
review and approval required by subdivision (b). The fee shall be set
by the department within 30 days of the effective date of the act
that added this section, and shall be adjusted annually, as
necessary, to ensure the payment of the costs incurred by the
department.
   (2) Fees collected shall be deposited in the Developmental
Disabilities Services Account established pursuant to Section 14672.9
of the Government Code and shall be used solely for the purpose of
conducting the review and approval required by subdivision (b), upon
appropriation by the Legislature. Interest and dividends on moneys
collected pursuant to this section shall, notwithstanding Section
16305.7 of the Government Code, be retained in the account for
purposes of this section. Moneys deposited in the Developmental
Disabilities Services Account pursuant to this subdivision shall not
be subject to the requirements of subdivision (i) of Section 14672.9
of the Government Code.
   (3) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), for the 2008-09 fiscal year,
the Director of Finance may approve an expenditure of up to
seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000) by the department from moneys
deposited in the account for the purposes specified in subdivision
(b). In the 2009-10 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter,
moneys shall be available to the department upon appropriation by the
Legislature.
   (e) No sale, encumbrance, hypothecation, assignment, refinancing,
pledge, conveyance, exchange, or transfer in any other form of the
real property, or of any of its interest therein, shall occur without
the prior written approval of the department and the regional
center.
   (f) Notice of the restrictions pursuant to this section shall be
recorded against the acquired or developed real property subject to
this section.
   (g) At least 30 days prior to granting approval under subdivision
(e), the department shall provide notice to the chairpersons and vice
chairpersons of the fiscal committees of the Assembly and the Senate
and the Director of Finance.
   (h) The regional center shall not be eligible to acquire or
develop real property for the purpose of residential housing.
   (i) Unless otherwise authorized by law, a regional center shall
not use purchase of service funds to implement this section.
   (j) With the exception of funds authorized in paragraph (3) of
subdivision (d), this section shall be implemented within the
department's annual budget. This subdivision shall not preclude the
receipt or use of federal, state non-General Fund, or private funds
to implement this section.
   (k) The department shall establish guidelines and procedures for
the administration of this section.

4689.  Consistent with state and federal law, the Legislature places
a high priority on providing opportunities for adults with
developmental disabilities, regardless of the degree of disability,
to live in homes that they own or lease with support available as
often and for as long as it is needed, when that is the preferred
objective in the individual program plan. In order to provide
opportunities for adults to live in their own homes, the following
procedures shall be adopted:
   (a) The department and regional centers shall ensure that
supported living arrangements adhere to the following principles:
   (1) Consumers shall be supported in living arrangements which are
typical of those in which persons without disabilities reside.
   (2) The services or supports that a consumer receives shall change
as his or her needs change without the consumer having to move
elsewhere.
   (3) The consumer's preference shall guide decisions concerning
where and with whom he or she lives.
   (4) Consumers shall have control over the environment within their
own home.
   (5) The purpose of furnishing services and supports to a consumer
shall be to assist that individual to exercise choice in his or her
life while building critical and durable relationships with other
individuals.
   (6) The services or supports shall be flexible and tailored to a
consumer's needs and preferences.
   (7) Services and supports are most effective when furnished where
a person lives and within the context of his or her day-to-day
activities.
   (8) Consumers shall not be excluded from supported living
arrangements based solely on the nature and severity of their
disabilities.
   (b) Regional centers may contract with agencies or individuals to
assist consumers in securing their own homes and to provide consumers
with the supports needed to live in their own homes.
   (c) The range of supported living services and supports available
include, but are not limited to, assessment of consumer needs;
assistance in finding, modifying and maintaining a home; facilitating
circles of support to encourage the development of unpaid and
natural supports in the community; advocacy and self-advocacy
facilitation; development of employment goals; social, behavioral,
and daily living skills training and support; development and
provision of 24-hour emergency response systems; securing and
maintaining adaptive equipment and supplies; recruiting, training,
and hiring individuals to provide personal care and other assistance,
including in-home supportive services workers, paid neighbors, and
paid roommates; providing respite and emergency relief for personal
care attendants; and facilitating community participation. Assessment
of consumer needs may begin before 18 years of age to enable the
consumer to move to his or her own home when he or she reaches 18
years of age.
   (d) Regional centers shall provide information and education to
consumers and their families about supported living principles and
services.
   (e) Regional centers shall monitor and ensure the quality of
services and supports provided to individuals living in homes that
they own or lease. Monitoring shall take into account all of the
following:
   (1) Adherence to the principles set forth in this section.
   (2) Whether the services and supports outlined in the consumer's
individual program plan are congruent with the choices and needs of
the individual.
   (3) Whether services and supports described in the consumer's
individual program plan are being delivered.
   (4) Whether services and supports are having the desired effects.
   (5) Whether the consumer is satisfied with the services and
supports.
   (f) The planning team, established pursuant to subdivision (j) of
Section 4512, for a consumer receiving supported living services
shall confirm that all appropriate and available sources of natural
and generic supports have been utilized to the fullest extent
possible for that consumer.
   (g) Regional centers shall utilize the same supported living
provider for consumers who reside in the same domicile, provided that
each individual consumer's particular needs can still be met
pursuant to his or her individual program plans.
   (h) Rent, mortgage, and lease payments of a supported living home
and household expenses shall be the responsibility of the consumer
and any roommate who resides with the consumer.
   (i) A regional center shall not make rent, mortgage, or lease
payments on a supported living home, or pay for household expenses of
consumers receiving supported living services, except under the
following circumstances:
   (1) If all of the following conditions are met, a regional center
may make rent, mortgage, or lease payments as follows:
   (A) The regional center executive director verifies in writing
that making the rent, mortgage, or lease payments or paying for
household expenses is required to meet the specific care needs unique
to the individual consumer as set forth in an addendum to the
consumer's individual program plan, and is required when a consumer's
demonstrated medical, behavioral, or psychiatric condition presents
a health and safety risk to himself or herself, or another.
   (B) During the time period that a regional center is making rent,
mortgage, or lease payments, or paying for household expenses, the
supported living services vendor shall assist the consumer in
accessing all sources of generic and natural supports consistent with
the needs of the consumer.
   (C) The regional center shall not make rent, mortgage, or lease
payments on a supported living home or pay for household expenses for
more than six months, unless the regional center finds that it is
necessary to meet the individual consumer's particular needs pursuant
to the consumer's individual program plan. The regional center shall
review a finding of necessity on a quarterly basis and the regional
center executive director shall annually verify in an addendum to the
consumer's individual program plan that the requirements set forth
in subparagraph (A) continue to be met.
   (2) A regional center that has been contributing to rent,
mortgage, or lease payments or paying for household expenses prior to
July 1, 2009, shall at the time of development, review, or
modification of a consumer's individual program plan determine if the
conditions in paragraph (1) are met. If the planning team determines
that these contributions are no longer appropriate under this
section, a reasonable time for transition, not to exceed six months,
shall be permitted.
   (j) All paid roommates and live-in support staff in supported
living arrangements in which regional centers have made rent,
mortgage, or lease payments, or have paid for household expenses
pursuant to subdivision (i) shall pay their share of the rent,
mortgage, or lease payments or household expenses for the supported
living home, subject to the requirements of Industrial Welfare
Commission Order No. 15-2001 and the Housing Choice Voucher Program,
as set forth in Section 1437f of Title 42 of the United States Code.
   (k) Regional centers shall ensure that the supported living
services vendors' administrative costs are necessary and reasonable,
given the particular services that they are providing and the number
of consumers to whom the vendor provides services. Administrative
costs shall be limited to allowable costs for community-based day
programs, as defined in Section 57434 of Title 17 of the California
Code of Regulations, or its successor.
   (l) Regional centers shall ensure that the most cost effective of
the rate methodologies is utilized to determine the negotiated rate
for vendors of supported living services, consistent with Section
4689.8 and Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations.
   (m) For purposes of this section, "household expenses" means
general living expenses and includes, but is not limited to,
utilities paid and food consumed within the home.
   (n) A supported living services provider shall provide assistance
to a consumer who is a Medi-Cal beneficiary in applying for in-home
supportive services, as set forth in Section 12300, within five days
of the consumer moving into a supported living services arrangement.
   (o) For consumers receiving supported living services who share a
household with one or more adults receiving supported living
services, efficiencies in the provision of service may be achieved if
some tasks can be shared, meaning the tasks can be provided at the
same time while still ensuring that each person's individual needs
are met. These tasks shall only be shared to the extent they are
permitted under the Labor Code and related regulations, including,
but not limited to, Industrial Welfare Commission Minimum Wage Order
No. 15. The planning team, as defined in subdivision (j) of Section
4512, at the time of development, review, or modification of a
consumer's individual program plan (IPP), for housemates currently in
a supported living arrangement or planning to move together into a
supported living arrangement, or for consumers who live with a
housemate not receiving supported living services who is responsible
for the task, shall consider, with input from the service provider,
whether any tasks, such as meal preparation and cleanup, menu
planning, laundry, shopping, general household tasks, or errands can
appropriately be shared. If tasks can be appropriately shared, the
regional center shall purchase the prorated share of the activity.
Upon a determination of a reduction in services pursuant to this
section, the regional center shall inform the consumer of the reason
for the determination, and shall provide a written notice of fair
hearing rights pursuant to Section 4701.
   (p) (1) To ensure that consumers in or entering into supported
living arrangements receive the appropriate amount and type of
supports to meet the person's choice and needs as determined by the
IPP team, and that generic resources are utilized to the fullest
extent possible, the IPP team shall complete a standardized
assessment questionnaire at the time of development, review, or
modification of a consumer's IPP. The questionnaire shall be used
during the individual program plan meetings, in addition to the
provider's assessment, to assist in determining whether the services
provided or recommended are necessary and sufficient and that the
most cost-effective methods of supported living services are
utilized. With input from stakeholders, including regional centers,
the department shall develop and post the questionnaire on its
Internet Web site, and, by June 30, 2012, shall provide it to the
regional centers.
   (2) Supported living service providers shall conduct comprehensive
assessments for the purpose of getting to know the consumer they
will be supporting and developing a support plan congruent with the
choices and needs of the individual and consistent with the
principles of supported living set forth in this section and in
Subchapter 19 (commencing with Section 58600) of Chapter 3 of
Division 2 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations. The
independent assessment required by this paragraph is not intended to
take the place of or repeat the service provider's comprehensive
assessment.
   (3) Upon a determination of a reduction in services pursuant to
this section, the regional center shall inform the consumer of the
reason for the determination, and shall provide a written notice of
fair hearing rights pursuant to Section 4701.
   (4) Nothing in this section precludes the completion of an
independent assessment.

4689.05.  (a) A regional center shall not purchase supportive
services, as defined in Section 12300, for a consumer who meets the
criteria to receive, but declines to apply for, in-home supportive
services (IHSS) benefits, as set forth in Section 12300, except as
set forth in subdivision (d).
   (b) Consistent with Section 4648, a regional center shall not
purchase supported living services for a consumer to supplant IHSS.
   (c) Between the date that a consumer applies for IHSS and the date
that a consumer's application for IHSS is approved, a regional
center shall not purchase supportive services for the consumer at a
rate that exceeds the IHSS hourly rate, which includes the IHSS
provider hourly wage, the provider's hourly payroll taxes, and the
hourly administrative costs, for the county in which the consumer
resides.
   (d) A regional center executive director may waive the
requirements set forth in subdivision (a) if the executive director
finds that extraordinary circumstances warrant the waiver, and that a
finding is documented in an addendum to the consumer's individual
program plan.

4689.1.  (a) The Legislature declares that it places a high priority
on providing opportunities for adults with developmental
disabilities to live with families approved by family home agencies
and to receive services and supports in those settings as determined
by the individual program plan. Family home agencies may offer
services and supports in family homes or family teaching homes. All
requirements of this section and Sections 4689.2 to 4689.6,
inclusive, shall apply to a family home and a family teaching home.
   (b) For purposes of this section, "family home" means a home that
is owned, leased, or rented by, and is the family residence of, the
family home provider or providers, and in which services and supports
are provided to a maximum of two adults with developmental
disabilities regardless of their degree of disability, and who do not
require continuous skilled nursing care.
   (c) For purposes of this section, "family teaching home" means a
home that is owned, leased, or rented by the family home agency
wherein the family home provider and the individual have independent
residences, either contiguous or attached, and in which services and
supports are provided to a maximum of three adults with developmental
disabilities regardless of their degree of disability, and who do
not require continuous skilled nursing care.
   (d) For purposes of this section, "family home agency" means a
private not-for-profit agency that is vendored to do all of the
following:
   (1) Recruit, approve, train, and monitor family home providers.
   (2) Provide social services and in-home support to family home
providers.
   (3) Assist adults with developmental disabilities in moving into
approved family homes.
   (e) For purposes of ensuring that regional centers may secure high
quality services that provide supports in natural settings and
promote inclusion and meaningful participation in community life for
adults with developmental disabilities, the department shall
promulgate regulations for family home agencies, family teaching
homes, and family homes that shall include, but not be limited to,
standards and requirements related to all of the following:
   (1) Selection criteria for regional centers to apply in vendoring
family home agencies, including, but not limited to, all of the
following:
   (A) The need for service.
   (B) The experience of the agency or key personnel in providing the
same or comparable services.
   (C) The reasonableness of the agency's overhead.
   (D) The capability of the regional center to monitor and evaluate
the vendor.
   (2) Vendorization.
   (3) Operation of family home agencies, including, but not limited
to, all of the following:
   (A) Recruitment.
   (B) Approval of family homes.
   (C) Qualifications, training, and monitoring of family home
providers.
   (D) Assistance to consumers in moving into approved family homes.
   (E) The range of services and supports to be provided.
   (F) Family home agency staffing levels, qualifications, and
training.
   (4) Program design.
   (5) Program and consumer records.
   (6) Family homes.
   (7) (A) Rates of payment for family home agencies and approved
family home providers. In developing the rates pursuant to
regulation, the department may require family home agencies and
family homes to submit program cost or other information, as
determined by the department.
   (B) Regional center reimbursement to family home agencies for
services in a family home shall not exceed rates for similar
individuals when residing in other types of out-of-home care
established pursuant to Section 4681.1.
   (8) The department and regional center's monitoring and evaluation
of the family home agency and approved homes, which shall be
designed to ensure that services do all of the following:
   (A) Conform to applicable laws and regulations and provide for the
consumer's health and well-being.
   (B) Assist the consumer in understanding and exercising his or her
individual rights.
   (C) Are consistent with the family home agency's program design
and the consumer's individual program plan.
   (D) Maximize the consumer's opportunities to have choices in where
he or she lives, works, and socializes.
   (E) Provide a supportive family home environment, available to the
consumer 24 hours a day, that is clean, comfortable, and
accommodating to the consumer's cultural preferences, values, and
lifestyle.
   (F) Are satisfactory to the consumer, as indicated by the consumer'
s quality of life as assessed by the consumer, his or her family, and
if appointed, conservator, or significant others, or all of these,
as well as by evaluation of outcomes relative to individual program
plan objectives.
   (9) Monthly monitoring visits by family home agency social service
staff to approved family homes and family teaching homes.
   (10) Procedures whereby the regional center and the department may
enforce applicable provisions of law and regulation, investigate
allegations of abuse or neglect, and impose sanctions on family home
agencies and approved family homes and family teaching homes,
including, but not limited to, all of the following:
   (A) Requiring movement of a consumer from a family home under
specified circumstances.
   (B) Termination of approval of a family home or family teaching
home.
   (C) Termination of the family home agency's vendorization.
   (11) Appeal procedures.
   (f) Each adult with developmental disabilities placed in a family
home or family teaching home shall have the rights specified in this
division, including, but not limited to, the rights specified in
Section 4503.
   (g) Prior to placement in a family home of an adult with
developmental disabilities who has a conservator, consent of the
conservator shall be obtained.
   (h) The adoption of any emergency regulations to implement this
section that are filed with the Office of Administrative Law within
one year of the date on which the act that added this section took
effect shall be deemed to be an emergency and necessary for the
immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, or
general welfare.

4689.2.  (a) It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this
section to require the filing of fingerprints of those individuals
whose contact with consumers receiving services and supports from
family home agencies, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section
4689.1, and family homes, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section
4689.1, may pose a risk to the consumers' health and safety.
   (b) As part of the vendor approval process for family home
agencies and family homes, the State Department of Developmental
Services shall secure from the Department of Justice and, if
applicable, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, a full criminal
history to determine whether the applicant or any other person
specified in subdivision (c) has ever been convicted of, or arrested
for, a crime other than a minor traffic violation. If it is found
that the applicant, or any other person specified in subdivision (c),
has been convicted of, or is awaiting trial for, a crime other than
a minor traffic violation, the vendor application shall be denied,
unless the director grants an exemption pursuant to subdivision (f).
If no criminal record information has been recorded, the Department
of Justice shall provide the applicant and the State Department of
Developmental Services with a statement of that fact.
   (c) In addition to the applicant, this section shall be applicable
to criminal convictions of the following persons:
   (1) Adults responsible for administration or direct supervision of
staff.
   (2) Any adult other than a consumer residing in the family home.
   (3) Any adult who provides assistance to the consumer in dressing,
grooming, bathing, or personal hygiene.
   (4) Any staff person, employee, consultant, or volunteer who has
frequent and routine contact with the consumer. In determining who
has frequent contact, any consultant or volunteer shall be exempt
unless the volunteer is used to replace or supplement staff or family
home personnel in providing services or supports, or both, to
consumers. In determining who has routine contact, staff and
employees under direct onsite supervision of the family home agency
and who are not providing direct services and supports or who have
only occasional or intermittent contact with consumers shall be
exempt.
   (5) The executive director of the entity applying for
vendorization or other person serving in like capacity.
   (6) Officers of the governing body of the applicant, or other
persons with a financial interest in the applicant, as determined
necessary by the department by regulation. The criteria used in the
development of these regulations shall be based on the person's
capability to exercise substantial influence over the operation of
the family home agency or family home.
   (d) (1) Subsequent to vendorization, any person specified in
subdivision (c) and not exempted from fingerprinting shall, as a
condition to employment, residence, or presence in a family home
agency or a family home, be fingerprinted and sign a declaration
under penalty of perjury regarding any prior criminal convictions.
The vendor shall submit these fingerprints to the Department of
Justice not later than four calendar days following employment,
residence, or initial presence in the family home agency or family
home. These fingerprints shall be on a card provided by the State
Department of Developmental Services for the purpose of obtaining a
permanent set of fingerprints. If fingerprints are not submitted to
the Department of Justice, as required in this section, that failure
shall result in a sanction and the fingerprints shall then be
submitted to the State Department of Developmental Services for
processing. Upon request of the vendor, who shall enclose a
self-addressed stamped postcard for this purpose, the Department of
Justice shall verify receipt of the fingerprints.
   (2) Within 30 calendar days of the receipt of the fingerprints,
the Department of Justice shall notify the State Department of
Developmental Services of the criminal record information, as
provided in subdivision (b). If no criminal record information has
been recorded, the Department of Justice shall provide the vendor and
the State Department of Developmental Services with a statement of
that fact within 15 calendar days of receipt of the fingerprints. If
new fingerprints are required for processing, the Department of
Justice shall, within 15 calendar days from the date of receipt of
the fingerprints, notify the vendor that the fingerprints were
illegible.
   (3) (A) Except for persons specified in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (c), the vendor shall endeavor to ascertain the previous
employment history of persons required to be fingerprinted under this
subdivision. If it is determined by the State Department of
Developmental Services, on the basis of the fingerprints submitted to
the Department of Justice, that the person has been convicted of, or
is awaiting trial for, a sex offense against a minor, or has been
convicted for an offense specified in Section 243.4, 273a, 273d, or
subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 368 of the Penal Code, or has been
convicted of a felony, the State Department of Developmental Services
shall notify the vendor to act immediately to terminate the person's
employment, remove the person from the family home, or bar the
person from entering the family home. The State Department of
Developmental Services may subsequently grant an exemption pursuant
to subdivision (f).
   (B) If the conviction or arrest was for another crime, except a
minor traffic violation, the vendor shall, upon notification by the
State Department of Developmental Services, act immediately to do
either of the following:
   (i) Terminate the person's employment, remove the person from the
family home, or bar the person from entering the family home.
   (ii) Seek an exemption pursuant to subdivision (f). The State
Department of Developmental Services shall determine if the person
shall be permitted to remain in the family home until a decision on
the exemption is rendered.
   (e) For purposes of this section or any other provision of this
chapter, a conviction means a plea or verdict of guilty or a
conviction following a plea of nolo contendere. Any action that the
State Department of Developmental Services is permitted to take
following the establishment of a conviction may be taken when the
time for appeal has elapsed, or the judgment of conviction has been
affirmed on appeal or when an order granting probation is made
suspending the imposition of sentence, notwithstanding a subsequent
order pursuant to Sections 1203.4 and 1203.4a of the Penal Code
permitting the person to withdraw his or her plea of guilty, or
dismissing the accusation, information, or indictment. For purposes
of this section or any other provision of this chapter, the record of
a conviction, or a copy thereof certified by the clerk of the court
or by a judge of the court in which the conviction occurred, shall be
conclusive evidence of the conviction. For purposes of this section
or any other provision of this chapter, the arrest disposition report
certified by the Department of Justice and, if applicable, the
Federal Bureau of Investigation, or documents admissible in a
criminal action pursuant to Section 969b of the Penal Code, shall be
prima facie evidence of the conviction, notwithstanding any other
provision of law prohibiting the admission of these documents in a
civil or administrative action.
   (f) After review of the record, the Director of Developmental
Services may grant an exemption from denial of vendor approval
pursuant to subdivision (b), or for employment in a family home
agency or family home of residence or presence in a family home as
specified in subdivision (c), if the director has substantial and
convincing evidence to support a reasonable belief that the applicant
and the person convicted of the crime, if other than the applicant,
are of such good character as to justify vendor approval or granting
an exemption for purposes of subdivision (c). Except as otherwise
provided in this subdivision, no exemption shall be granted if the
conviction was for an offense specified in Section 220, 243.4, 264.1,
paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 273a, Section 273d, 288,
289, or subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 368 of the Penal Code, or
for another crime against an individual specified in subdivision (c)
of Section 667.5 of the Penal Code. The director may grant an
exemption if the employee, prospective employee, or other person
identified in subdivision (c) who was convicted of a crime against an
individual in paragraph (1), (2), (7), or (8) of subdivision (c) of
Section 667.5 of the Penal Code, has been rehabilitated as provided
in Section 4852.03 of the Penal Code and has maintained the conduct
required in Section 4852.05 of the Penal Code for at least 10 years
and has the recommendation of the district attorney representing the
employee's county of residence, or if the employee, prospective
employee, or other persons identified in subdivision (c) has received
a certificate of rehabilitation pursuant to Chapter 3.5 (commencing
with Section 4852.01) of Title 6 of Part 3 of the Penal Code.
   (g) For purposes of compliance with this section, the department
may permit an individual to transfer a current criminal record
clearance, as described in subdivision (b), from one family home
agency or family home to another, as long as the criminal record
clearance has been processed through the State Department of
Developmental Services.
   (h) If a family home agency or a family home is required by law to
deny employment or to terminate employment of any employee based on
written notification from the state department pursuant to
subdivision (c) the family home agency or the family home shall not
incur civil liability or unemployment insurance liability as a result
of that denial or termination.

4689.3.  (a) A family home agency shall not place an adult with
developmental disabilities in a family home until the family home
agency has received a criminal record clearance from the State
Department of Developmental Services pursuant to Section 4689.2,
except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c).
   (b) Any peace officer, or other category of person approved by the
department subject to criminal record clearance as a condition of
employment, and who has submitted fingerprints and executed a
declaration regarding criminal convictions, may receive an adult with
developmental disabilities in placement pending the receipt of a
criminal record clearance when the family home has met all other
requirements for vendor approval.
   (c) Any person currently approved as a vendor pursuant to this
chapter by the department when the family home has met all other
requirements, and who has submitted fingerprints and executed a
declaration regarding criminal convictions, may receive, or continue,
an adult with developmental disabilities in placement pending the
receipt of a criminal record clearance.

4689.4.  The State Department of Developmental Services may deny an
application for vendorization or terminate vendorization as a family
home agency or family home upon the grounds that the applicant for
vendorization, the vendor, or any other person mentioned in Section
4689.2 has been convicted at any time of a crime, except a minor
traffic violation.

4689.5.  (a) Proceeding for the termination, or denial of
vendorization as a family home agency or family home pursuant to
Section 4689.4 shall be conducted in accordance with Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of
the Government Code, and the State Department of Developmental
Services shall have all the powers granted by Chapter 5. In the event
of conflict between this section and Chapter 5, Chapter 5 shall
prevail.
   (b) In all proceedings conducted in accordance with this section,
the standard of proof to be applied shall be a preponderance of the
evidence.
   (c) The hearing shall be held within 90 calendar days after
receipt of the notice of defense, unless a continuance of the hearing
is granted by the department or the administrative law judge. When
the matter has been set for hearing, only the administrative law
judge may grant a continuance of the hearing. The administrative law
judge may grant a continuance of the hearing, but only upon finding
the existence of one or more of the following:
   (1) The death or incapacitating illness of a party, a
representative or attorney of a party, a witness to an essential
fact, or of the parent, child, or member of the household of that
person, when it is not feasible to substitute another representative,
attorney, or witness because of the proximity of the hearing date.
   (2) Lack of notice of hearing as provided in Section 11509 of the
Government Code.
   (3) A material change in the status of the case where a change in
the parties or pleadings requires postponement, or an executed
settlement or stipulated findings of fact obviate the need for
hearing. A partial amendment of the pleadings shall not be good cause
for continuance to the extent that the unamended portion of the
pleadings is ready to be heard.
   (4) A stipulation for continuance signed by all parties or their
authorized representatives that is communicated with the request for
continuance to the administrative law judge no later than 25 business
days before the hearing.
   (5) The substitution of the representative or attorney of a party
upon showing that the substitution is required.
   (6) The unavailability of a party, representative, or attorney of
a party, or witness to an essential fact due to a conflicting and
required appearance in a judicial matter if when the hearing date was
set, the person did not know and could neither anticipate nor at any
time avoid the conflict, and the conflict with request for
continuance is immediately communicated to the administrative law
judge.
   (7) The unavailability of a party, a representative or attorney of
a party, or a material witness due to an unavoidable emergency.
   (8) Failure by a party to comply with a timely discovery request
if the continuance request is made by the party who requested the
discovery.
   (d) In addition to the witness fees and mileage provided by
Section 11450.40 of the Government Code, the department may pay
actual, necessary, and reasonable expenses in an amount not to exceed
the per diem allowance payable to a nonrepresented state employee on
travel status. The department may pay witness expenses in advance of
the hearing.

4689.6.  (a) The State Department of Developmental Services may
prohibit a vendor from employing, or continuing the employment of, or
allowing in a family home, or allowing contact with any adult with a
developmental disability placed in a family home by, any employee or
prospective employee, who has been denied an exemption to work or to
be present in a facility, when that person has been convicted of a
crime, except a minor traffic violation.
   (b) The employee or prospective employee, and the vendor shall be
given written notice of the basis of the department's action and of
the employee's or prospective employee's right to a hearing. The
notice shall be served either by personal service or by registered
mail. Within 15 days after the department serves the notice, the
employee or prospective employee may file with the department a
written request for a hearing. If the employee or prospective
employee fails to file a written request for a hearing within the
prescribed time, the department's action shall be final.
   (c) (1) The department may require the immediate exclusion of an
employee or prospective employee from a family home agency or family
home pending a final decision of the matter, when, in the opinion of
the director, the action is necessary to protect any adult with a
developmental disability placed in the family home from physical or
mental abuse, abandonment, or any other substantial threat to his or
her health and safety.
   (2) If the department requires the immediate exclusion of an
employee or prospective employee from a family home agency or family
home, the department shall serve an order of immediate exclusion upon
the employee or prospective employee that shall notify the employee
or prospective employee of the basis of the department's action and
of the employee's or prospective employee's right to a hearing.
   (3) Within 15 days after the department serves an order of
immediate exclusion, the employee or prospective employee may file a
written request for a hearing with the department. The department's
action shall be final if the employee or prospective employee does
not file a request for a hearing within the prescribed time. The
department shall do the following upon receipt of a written request
for a hearing:
   (A) Within 80 days of receipt of the request for a hearing, serve
an accusation upon the employee or prospective employee.
   (B) Within 60 days of receipt of a notice of defense by the
employee or prospective employee pursuant to Section 11506 of the
Government Code, conduct a hearing on the statement of issues.
   (4) An order of immediate exclusion of the employee or prospective
employee from the family home agency or family home shall remain in
effect until the hearing is completed and the director has made a
final determination on the merits. However, the order of immediate
exclusion shall be deemed vacated if the director fails to make a
final determination on the merits within 60 days after the original
hearing has been completed.
   (d) An employee or prospective employee who files a written
request for a hearing with the department pursuant to this section
shall, as part of the written request, provide his or her current
mailing address. The employee or prospective employee shall
subsequently notify the department in writing of any change in
mailing address, until the hearing process has been completed or
terminated.
   (e) Hearings held pursuant to this section shall be conducted in
accordance with Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1
of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. The standard of
proof shall be the preponderance of the evidence and the burden of
proof shall be on the department.
   (f) The department may institute or continue a disciplinary
proceeding against an employee or prospective employee upon any
ground provided by this section, or enter an order prohibiting the
employee's or prospective employee's employment or presence in the
family home agency or family home or otherwise take disciplinary
action against the employee or prospective employee, notwithstanding
any resignation, withdrawal of employment application, or change of
duties by the employee or prospective employee, or any discharge,
failure to hire, or reassignment of the employee or prospective
employee by the vendor.
   (g) A vendor's failure to comply with the department's prohibition
of employment or presence in the family home agency or family home
shall be grounds for disciplining the vendor pursuant to Section
4689.4.

4689.7.  (a) For the 1998-99 fiscal year, levels of payment for
supported living service providers that are vendored pursuant to
Section 4689 shall be increased based on the amount appropriated in
this section for the purpose of increasing the salary, wage, and
benefits for direct care workers providing supported living services.
   (b) The sum of five million fifty-seven thousand dollars
($5,057,000) is hereby appropriated in augmentation of the
appropriations made in the Budget Act of 1998 to implement this
section as follows:
   (1) The sum of two million four hundred five thousand dollars
($2,405,000) is hereby appropriated from the General Fund to the
State Department of Health Services in augmentation of the
appropriation made in Item 4260-101-0001.
   (2) The sum of two million five hundred fifty-one thousand dollars
($2,551,000) is hereby appropriated from the Federal Trust Fund to
the State Department of Health Services in augmentation of the
appropriation made in Item 4260-101-0890.
   (3) The sum of one hundred one thousand dollars ($101,000) is
hereby appropriated from the General Fund to the Department of
Developmental Services in augmentation of the appropriation made in
Item 4300-101-0001, scheduled as follows:
  10.10--Regional Centers
  (b) 10.10.020 Purchase of              $5,057,000
  Services
  (e) Reimbursements                    -$4,956,000
   (c) By July 1, 2002, in consultation with stakeholder
organizations, the department shall establish by regulation, an
equitable and cost-effective methodology for the determination of
supported living costs and a methodology of payment for providers of
supported living services. The methodology shall consider the special
needs of persons with developmental disabilities and the quality of
services to be provided.

4689.8.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law or regulation,
commencing July 1, 2008:
   (a) No regional center may pay an existing supported living
service provider, for services where rates are determined through a
negotiation between the regional center and the provider, a rate
higher than the rate in effect on June 30, 2008, unless the increase
is required by a contract between the regional center and the vendor
that is in effect on June 30, 2008, or the regional center
demonstrates that the approval is necessary to protect the consumer's
health or safety and the department has granted prior written
authorization.
   (b) No regional center may negotiate a rate with a new supported
living service provider, for services where rates are determined
through a negotiation between the regional center and the provider,
that is higher than the regional center's median rate for the same
service code and unit of service, or the statewide median rate for
the same service code and unit of service, whichever is lower. The
unit of service designation shall conform with an existing regional
center designation or, if none exists, a designation used to
calculate the statewide median rate for the same service. The
regional center shall annually certify to the State Department of
Developmental Services its median rate for each negotiated rate
service code, by designated unit of service. This certification shall
be subject to verification through the department's biennial fiscal
audit of the regional center.