Participant-Directed Services

Participant-Directed Services offer flexibility to support consumers and their families. Participant-Directed Services offers more control over how and by whom some Individual Program Plan (IPP) services are provided. The consumer or family choose who to hire, schedule when the person works, supervise their work, and gives options to minimize risk to COVID-19. Participant-Directed Services is available to individuals who live in their home, their family’s home, and some community living arrangements.

Participant-Directed Service types include:

  • Respite
  • Day care
  • Non-medical transportation
  • Nursing
  • Community-based training services

Temporary Participant-Directed Services Types during the COVID-19 State of Emergency:

  • Personal assistance
  • Independent living skills
  • Supported employment services


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)



Self-Advocate and Family Member Informational Meetings on Participant Directed Services


DDS Directives

December 23, 2020: Overtime Pay for Participant-Directed Respite Services During the COVID-19 State of Emergency

March 30, 2020: Guidance for Additional Participant-Directed Services


Last modified: February 2, 2021